Didone abbandonata is an opera libretto in three acts by Pietro Metastasio. It was his first original work and was set to music by Domenico Sarro in 1724. The opera was accompanied by the intermezzo L'impresario delle Isole Canarie, and also by Metastasio.
During the century that followed it was set more than 50 times by other composers such as Nicola Porpora (1725), Leonardo Vinci (1726), Baldassare Galuppi (1740), Johann Adolph Hasse (1742), Niccolò Jommelli (1747), Tommaso Traetta (1757), Giuseppe Sarti (1762), Niccolò Piccinni (1770), Saverio Mercadante (1823).
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast|
|Didone (Dido), Queen of Carthage||Soprano||Marianna Benti Bulgarelli|
|Enea (Aeneas, in love with and loved by Didone||Soprano Castrato||Nicola Grimaldi|
|Iarba, King of the Moors, who appears as "Arbace"||Contralto||Antonia Merighi|
|Selene, sister of Dido and secretly in love with Aeneas||Soprano||Benedetta Sorosina|
|Araspe, Confidant of Iarba and lover of Selene||Tenor||Annibale Pio Fabri|
|Osmida, confidant of Dido||Soprano||Caterina Leri|
- Place: Carthage.