David de Gorter

David de Gorter

David de Gorter
Born (1717-04-30)April 30, 1717
Died April 8, 1783(1783-04-08) (aged 65)
Occupation Botanist

David de Gorter (1717–1783) was a Dutch physician and botanist.

He was professor at the University of Harderwijk and royal physician to Empress Elizabeth of Russia. He was a member of Imperial Academy of Sciences in St Petersburg, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and other academies and learned societies.

At Harderwijk, he made friends with the young Carolus Linnaeus, who came there to obtain his doctorate degree. Later, Linnaeus named the plant genus Gorteria after David de Gorter and his father, the physician Johannes de Gorter. In St Petersburg, de Gorter edited and published Krasheninnikov's last work, Flora Ingrica.[1] He authored one of the first floras to use binomial nomenclature, Flora Belgica from 1767.[2]

On May 21, 1775 he married Mary Elizabeth Schultz, a friend of Betje Wolff. After his death, she donated his herbarium to the Academy in Harderwijk. It now is kept at the National Herbarium of the Netherlands.

De Gorter spent his last years in Zutphen, where he wrote his Flora of the Seven Provinces.[3]

The Dutch botanical journal 'Gorteria is named to his honour.[4]


  1. de Gorter, David (1761). Flora Ingrica ex schedis Stephani Krascheninnikow confecta et propriis observationibus. Petropoli: Typis Academiae Scientiarum.
  2. de Gorter, David (1767). Flora Belgica. Paddenburg (Utrecht): Trajecti ad Rhenum.
  3. de Gorter, David (1781). Flora VII provinciarum Belgii foederati indigena. Apud C.H. Bohn & Filium.
  4. Gorteria
  5. IPNI.  Gorter.
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