Džemal Bijedić

Džemal Bijedić
27th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
In office
30 July 1971  18 January 1977
President Josip Broz Tito
Preceded by Mitja Ribičič
Succeeded by Veselin Đuranović
Personal details
Born (1917-04-12)12 April 1917
Mostar, Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austro-Hungarian Empire
Died 18 January 1977(1977-01-18) (aged 59)
near Kreševo, SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia
Nationality Bosniak[1][2]
Political party League of Communists of Yugoslavia (SKJ)

Džemal Bijedić (Bosnian pronunciation: [bijěːdit͡ɕ]; 12 April 1917 – 18 January 1977) was a Bosniak Communist politician from Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the prime minister of Yugoslavia from 1971 until his death.

Early life

Džemal Bijedić was born in Mostar, Austria-Hungary (in modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina) to Muslim parents Adem and Zarifa from a merchant family. He finished his elementary education as well as high school in Mostar, and graduated from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Law, where he joined the communist party in 1939. After Nazi Germany invaded the Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 6 April 1941 Bijedić joined the Yugoslav Partisans under the leadership of Yugoslav communist leader Josip Broz Tito. Bijedić remained in the partisans until the end of the People's Liberation War in 1945.

WWII: a communist since 1939, a domobran since 1941, and a partisan since 1943

In a documentary produced by bs:Face TV, bs:Mišo Marić claims that Bijedić joined Domobrans (hr:Hrvatsko domobranstvo (NDH)) in April 1941, following the directives of League of Communists of Yugoslavia, as a lieutenant using an alias Ante Jukic. [3] Another documentary about Džemal Bijedić produced by Federalna televizija shows (at 15:34) a photo of Bijedić dressed in a military uniform with Domobrans' collar insignia. The same photo was shown at the beginning of the first documentary (01:27), but the Domobrans' insignia was painted over with Partisans' red star in colour. It is also mentioned that Bijedić joined Yugoslav Partisans in February 1943.[4]


After the liberation, he performed many duties involving responsibility, in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Yugoslavia. From 1967, he was the president of the SR BIH Assembly ( which was by the constitutional regulations of the time the function of the president of the Republic). From July 1971 until his death in 1977, he was the Prime Minister of the SFRY government.

Bijedić played a vital role in affirming Muslims as a Yugoslav constitutive nation and according to academic Avdo Sućeska "more than any other single Communist leader of Muslim origin."[5]



On 18 January 1977, Džemal Bijedić, his wife Razija and six others were killed when their Learjet 25 crashed on the Inač mountain near Kreševo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The plane took off from Batajnica Air Base in Belgrade and was en route to Sarajevo when it crashed, ostensibly due to poor weather conditions. Conspiracy theorists have suggested that the crash was not an accident but rather the result of foul play at the hands of his Serbian rivals.[6]


A significant progress in the economy of the municipalities of Herzegovina was made under his leadership. He worked on strengthening of sovereignty of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and he was one of its most merited founders and builders. It is his credit that Mostar, the city he endlessly loved, got its University. The memory of Džemal Bijedić permanently remained in his native town of Mostar. As a sign of gratitude for all that he had done for Mostar, twenty seven years ago, the citizens of Mostar decided to name the University in Mostar, "The Džemal Bijedić" University in Mostar. Bijedić and his wife were survived by their two sons and one daughter.


  1. Džemal Bijedić killed, Tito never knew what really happened.
  2. Isaković 1994, p. 288.
  3. YU O Laki. "Džemal Bijedić (Džema) Dokumentarni film", bs:Face TV, YouTube, Published 17 February 2016.
  4. PRIZNAJEM JUGOSLAVEN SAM. "Džemal Bijedić - Dokumentarac / Dokumentarni Film", Federalna televizija, YouTube, Published 17 January 2016.
  5. Velikonja, Mitja (1992). Religious Separation and Political Intolerance in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Texas A&M University Press. p. 223. ISBN 1-58544-226-7.
  6. H2G2 (8 January 2007). "Famous Air Crash Victims - Part 4: Politicians".
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Political offices
Preceded by
Mitja Ribičič
Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
30 July 197118 January 1977
Succeeded by
Veselin Đuranović
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