Cinema of Ghana

Cinema of Ghana

Early modern filmaking was first introduced to what is now Ghana by the British in the colonial period.[1][2][3] Since the 1950s, Ghana has had a thriving film industry.[4][5][6][7] Cinemas used to the main entertainment but have declined due to home video.[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]

Popular genres

Films decpicting African witchcraft are very popular.[16][17][18][19] These type of movies have been criticized.[20][21] Movie in Twi are called Kumawood.[22][23][24] The other type of movie is called Ghallywood.[25][25][26][27]

Ghaninan actors abroad

This development sparked media attention; mostly concerns that Ghanaians were taking over jobs meant for Nigerians.[28] While some industry stakeholders such as Bob Manuel were unwelcoming towards the development, others like Mercy Aigbe, Belinda Effah, and Yvonne Jegede saw it as a welcome development; noting that the industry is big enough for everyone, and that other major film hubs across the world also have presence of other Nationalities. Theresa Edem commented: "A united Africa sells any day, anytime. It's been a great partnership so far. They’ve added colour to Nollywood and they’ve brought about healthy competition.[28] Emem Isong, a Nigerian producer comments: "It fosters unity and integration and that's not a bad thing".[29]

Some Ghanaian media on the other hand described the trend as "Brain drain" from Ghana.[30] However, Ghanaian director Frank Fiifi Gharbin, expressed satisfaction with the development, saying: "there shouldn’t be much fuss about Ghanaian actors in Nollywood. For us it is a good development. It shows that our actors are beginning to gain prominence and are being accepted worldwide".[29]


_____________ 1998 African Christianity. Its Public Role. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indianan University Press

_____________ "Make a complete break with the past. Memory and Post—colonial Modernity in Ghanaian Pentecostalist discourse". Journal of Religion in Africa XXVII (3):316-349. _____________ 1999a. Translating the Devil. Religion and Modernity Among the Ewe in Ghana. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. _____________ 1999b. "Popular Ghanaian Cinema and the African Heritage". Working Paper 7. The Hague: WOTRO-Project "Globalization and the Construction of Communal Identitie".


  1. Frindéthié, K. Martial (24 March 2009). "Francophone African Cinema: History, Culture, Politics and Theory". McFarland via Google Books.
  2. "Ghana Movies – The beginning of the end? (Part 1)". 24 November 2011.
  3. Martin, Michael T. (1 January 1995). "Cinemas of the Black Diaspora: Diversity, Dependence, and Oppositionality". Wayne State University Press via Google Books.
  4. "Storytelling from the Margins: Accra's Emerging Cinema Shifts National Memory". 7 June 2016.
  5. "The New Face Of Cinema In Ghana". Globe Entertainment. 13 August 2015.
  6. Davis, Lauren. "The Curious Art of Ghana's Mobile Movie Posters".
  7. Frindéthié, K. Martial (24 March 2009). "Francophone African Cinema: History, Culture, Politics and Theory". McFarland via Google Books.
  8. Mammadyarov, Riyad. "Watch: Experience the Power of Ghanaian Cinema in Exclusive 'Nakom' Trailer - IndieWire".
  9. Michael Yamoah. "The New Wave in Ghana's Video Film Industry : Exploring the Kumawood Model". Retrieved 2016-09-17.
  10. Brown, Ryan Lenora. "How Ghana's Gory, Gaudy Movie Posters Became High Art".
  11. Salm, Steven J.; Falola, Toyin (1 January 2002). "Culture and Customs of Ghana". Greenwood Publishing Group via Google Books.
  12. Meyer, Birgit (16 October 2015). "Sensational Movies: Video, Vision, and Christianity in Ghana". Univ of California Press via Google Books.
  13. Saul, Mahir; Austen, Ralph A. (12 October 2010). "Viewing African Cinema in the Twenty-First Century: Art Films and the Nollywood Video Revolution". Ohio University Press via Google Books.
  14. Hayward, Susan (3 January 2013). "Cinema Studies: The Key Concepts". Routledge via Google Books.
  15. Ukadike, Nwachukwu Frank (1 May 1994). "Black African Cinema". University of California Press via Google Books.
  16. "Flex Newspaper – "Action Movies Can Scare Witches"- Ashbowa".
  17. Vivian E D Ampadu. "The Depiction of Mental Illness in Nigerian and Ghanaian movies: A negative or positive impact on mental health awareness in Ghana?" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-09-17.
  18. Yaba Badoe. "Representing Witches in contemporary Ghana: challenges and reflections on making the 'Witches of Gambaga'" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-09-17.
  19. "Filmmaker battles to save Ghana's historic cinema - Voices of Africa". 22 November 2013.
  20. "Samuel Ofori fires producers of 'witchcraft' movies".
  21. Adinkrah, Mensah (30 August 2015). "Witchcraft, Witches, and Violence in Ghana". Berghahn Books via Google Books.
  22. "Adjorlolo: Kumawood actors 'not primitive'|Class FM Online". Retrieved 2016-09-26.
  23. Christie, Marian. "Ellen White: I don't belong to Kumawood". Ghana Live TV. Retrieved 2016-09-26.
  24. "I'm not a Kumawood actor but rep Ghallywood - Ellen White | Movies 2016-03-26". 2016-03-26. Retrieved 2016-09-26.
  25. 1 2 "Ghallywood Opens Up To Media". 2011-05-28. Retrieved 2016-09-26.
  26. Aseye Tamakloe. "SOCIAL REPRESENTATION IN GHANAIAN CINEMA" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-09-17.
  27. Carmela Garritano. "African Video Movies and Global Desires" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-09-17.
  28. 1 2 Ebirim, Juliet (22 March 2014). "Are the Ghanaian actors taking over Nollywood?". Vanguard Newspaper. The Vanguard. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  29. 1 2 Enengedi, Victor (23 September 2013). "NET SPECIAL FEATURE: Ghanaian actresses take over Nollywood". Nigerian Entertainment Today. The NET NG. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  30. "Brain Drain In Ghana Movie Industry?". Spy Ghana. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
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