Cinema of Morocco

Cinema of Morocco

Cinema Rif Essaouira
Number of screens 68 (2011)[1]
  Per capita 0.2 per 100,000 (2011)[1]
Main distributors Megarama
Magreb Modern Films
Produced feature films (2011)[3]
Fictional 23
Animated -
Documentary 1
Number of admissions (2012)[4]
Total 2,011,294
  Per capita 0.08 (2010)[5]
National films 681,341 (33.8%)
Gross box office (2012)[4]
Total MAD 69.2 million
National films MAD 19.3 million (27.8%)

The cinema of Morocco refers to the film industry in Morocco.


Cinema in Morocco has a long history, stretching back over a century to the filming of Le chevrier Marocain ("The Moroccan Goatherd") by Louis Lumière in 1897. Between that time and 1944, many foreign movies were shot in the country, especially in the Ouarzazate area.

In 1944, the Moroccan Cinematographic Center (CCM), the nation's film regulatory body, was established. Studios were also opened in Rabat.

In 1952, Orson Welles' Othello won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival under the Moroccan flag. However, the Festival's musicians did not play the Moroccan national anthem, as no one in attendance knew what it was.[6]

Six years later, Mohammed Ousfour would create the first Moroccan movie, Le fils maudit ("The Damned Son").

In 1968, the first Mediterranean Film Festival was held in Tangier. In its current incarnation, the event is held in Tetouan.

This was followed in 1982 with the first national festival of cinema, which was held in Rabat.

In 2001, the first International Film Festival of Marrakech (FIFM) was also held in Marrakech.

Film industry in Morocco


Morocco has known a first generation of directors in the 70s-90s. They participated to the development of film industry in Morocco. Notable film makers are Hamid Bénani (Wechma, Traces, 1970), Souheil Ben Barka (Les Mille et une Mains, 1974), Moumen Smihi (El Chergui ou le Silence violent, 1975), Ahmed El Maânouni (Alyam, Alyam, 1978 ; Transes (Al Hal), 1981; Les Cœurs brûlés, 2007), Jilali Ferhati (Poupées de roseau, 1981 ; La Plage des enfants perdus, 1991), Mustapha Derkaoui (Les Beaux Jours de Shéhérazade, 1982) ; Farida Benlyazd (Une porte sur le ciel, 1988), Saâd Chraïbi (Chronique d'une vie normale, 1990), Mohamed Abderrahmane Tazi (Badis, 1989 ; À la recherche du mari de ma femme, 1993), Abdelkader Lagtaâ (Un amour à Casablanca, 1992 ; La Porte close, 1998), Hakim Noury (Le Marteau et l'Enclume, 1990), Hassan Benjelloun (La Fête des autres, 1990)

More recently and since the year 2000 a new and younger generation are taking over.



Living in Morocco

  • Latefa Ahrrare
  • Driss Aït Jimhi
  • Hussein Aït Jimhi
  • Sana Akroud
  • Sanâa Alaoui
  • Said Amel
  • Amal Ayouch
  • Salima Benmoumen
  • Assaad Bouab
  • Hassan El Fad
  • Rachid El Ouali
  • Zineb Ennajem
  • Noureddine Ettaouil
  • Kenza Fridou
  • Nadia Kounda
  • Hicham Bahloul
  • Sadiaa Ladib
  • Mohammed Marouazi
  • Amine Nasseur
  • Driss Roukhe
  • Ahmed Saguia
  • Karim Saidi

Living in abroad (mainly France)

National structure

Union and professional organizations

The Moroccan Cinematographic Centre (Centre cinématographique marocain in French) is the main actor in the Moroccan film industry. Most other players are grouped into smaller trade associations

Recording studio

Schools of cinema

See also


  1. 1 2 "Table 8: Cinema Infrastructure - Capacity". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  2. "Table 6: Share of Top 3 distributors (Excel)". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  3. "Table 1: Feature Film Production - Genre/Method of Shooting". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  4. 1 2 "Bilan cinematographique 2012" (PDF). Centre Cinématographique Marocain. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
  5. "Country profile: 2. Morocco" (PDF). Euromed Audiovisual. p. 114. Retrieved 14 November 2013.

Further reading

External links

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