Roman Catholic Suburbicarian Diocese of Albano
|Suburbicarian Diocese of Albano|
Albano Laziale Cathedral
|Area||661 km2 (255 sq mi)|
(as of 2012)|
470,300 (est.) (93.0%)
|Cathedral||Basilica Cattedrale di S. Pancrazio Martire|
80 (Religious Orders)
Paolo Gillet (Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus)
The Diocese of Albano (Latin: Albanensis) is a suburbicarian see of the Roman Catholic Church in a diocese in Italy, comprising seven towns in the Province of Rome. Albano Laziale is situated some 15 kilometers from Rome, on the Appian Way.
In the very year of his consulate, Acilius Glabrio was compelled by Domitian to fight, unarmed, in the amphitheatre at Albano, a Numidian bear, according to Juvenal: an enormous lion, according to Dio Cassius. This same Acilius Glabrio is later included in a Christian group of the Flavian family as a molitor rerum novarum. The Liber Pontificalis under the name Silvester says:
This basilica of the time of Constantine was destroyed by fire toward the end of the 8th century or in the beginning of the ninth Ferdinando Franconi has established the identity of this basilica with the present Albano Cathedral, which still contains some remains of the edifice dedicated by Pope Leo III to Saint Pancras. Under the basilica there was a crypt, or confessio, from which bodies were transferred to the cemetery nearby.
The foundation of the episcopal see of Albano is very probably contemporaneous with the erection of the Constantinian basilica. However, the first bishop of the see of whom we have any knowledge is Dionysius (d. 355). It is more than a century later (463) that we meet with another Bishop of Albano, Romanus. To these is to be added Ursinus, whose name is found on an inscription in the Catacomb of Domitilla. The consular date is either 345 or 395. The importance of this early Christian community is apparent from its cemetery, discovered in 1720 by Marangoni. It differs but little from the Christian cemeteries found in Rome. Its plan, clearly mapped out in the Epitome de locis ss. martyrum quae sunt foris civitatis Romae, is considered by Giovanni Battista de Rossi as the synopsis of an ancient description of the cemeteries, written before the end of the 6th century:
- per eandem vere viam (Appiam) pervenitur ad Albanam civitatem et per eandem civitatem ad ecclesiam S. Senatoris ubi et Perpetua jacet corpore et innumeri sancti et magna mirabilia ibidem geruntur.
The saints here named are not known. Saint Senator of Albano is inserted without further explanation in the martyrology for 26 September (et in Albano Senatoris). From this he passed to the Roman martyrology, where he is commemorated on the same day. But the first account of the martyrs of Albano is found in the Almanac of Philocalus (4th century) on 8 August:
- VI Idus aug. Carpophori, Victorini et Severiani, Albano, et Ostense septimo ballistaria, Cyriaci, Largi, Crescentiani, Memmiae, Julianae, et Smaragdi.
The cemetery has frescoes, painted at various times by unknown artists, which show the progress of Christian art from the fourth to the 9th century.
List of bishops
- Ursinus (395)
- Romanus (465)
- Athanasius (465-487)
- Chrysogonus (487-495)
- Homobonus (592)
- Epifanio (649)
- Giovenale (649-680)
- Andrea (721)
- Tiburtino (721-743)
- Leone I (743-761)
- Eustasio (Eustrasio, Eustazio, Eustachio) (761-773)
- Costante (Costantino) (772- before 826)
- Benedetto (826-before 844)
- Petronacio (853- circa 867)
- Paul (869- before 898)
- Peter I (898-?)
- Gregorio (964-985)
- Teobaldo (995-996)
- Giovanni (996-1001)
- Pietro Martino Boccapecora, (1004–1009), afterwards Pope Sergius IV (1009–12)
- Teobaldo (1015–1044)
- Bonifazio (before 1054-1072)
- Peter Igneus, (1072–1089) of Vallombrosa, associate of Pope Gregory VII in his work of ecclesiastical reform
- Walter of Albano (1091–1100)
- Teodorico (before 1098-1100), later Antipope Theodoric
- Riccardo (1101–1115)
- Vitale (1116–1126)
- Matthew of Albano (1126–1135)
- Alberto (1136–1141)
- Hugo d'Homblieres (1143)
- Pietro Papareschi (1143–1145)
- Nicholas Breakspear (1149–1154), afterwards Pope Adrian IV (1154–59)
- Walter II of Albano (1158–1178)
- János Struma (1163–1168), appointed by Antipope Paschal III
- Henri de Marsiac, (1179–1189)
- Albino, canon regular of S. Frediano, (1189–1196)
- Giovanni da Viterbo (1199-1210/11)
- Gerardo Sessa, O.Cist. (1211)
- Pelagio Galvani (1213–1230)
- Pietro da Collemezzo (1244–1253)
- Rodolphe de Chevriêres (1261–1270)
- Bonaventura, (1273–1274)
- Bentivenga de Bentivengis, OFM (1278–1289)
- Bérard de Got (1294–1297)
- García Gudiel (1298–1299)
- Leonardo Patrasso (1300–1311)
- Arnaud d'Aux (1312–1320)
- Vital du Four, (1321–1327)
- Gauscelin de Jean (1327–1348)
- Hélie de Talleyrand-Périgord (1348–1364)
- Pierre Itier (1364–1367)
- Angelique de Grimoard de Grisac (1367–1388)
- Niccolò Brancaccio (1388–1412)
- Giordano Orsini (1412–1431)
- Pierre de Foix, OFM (1431–1464)
- Ludovico Trevisan (1465)
- Latino Orsini (1465–1468)
- Filippo Calandrini (1468–1471)
- Rodrigo Lanzol-Borja y Borja (1471–1476), later Pope Alexander VI
- Oliviero Carafa (1476–1483)
- Jean la Balu (1483–1491)
- Giovanni Michiel (1491)
- Jorge da Costa (1491–1501)
- Lorenzo Cybo de Mari (1501–1503)
- Raffaele Sansoni Galeotti Riario (1503–1507)
- Bernardino López de Carvajal (1507)
- Guillaume Briçonnet (1507–1508)
- Domenico Grimani (1508–1509)
- Philippe de Luxembourg (1509–1511)
- Jaime Serra y Cau (1511–1516)
- Francesco Soderini (1516–1517)
- Francisco de Remolins (1517–1518)
- Niccolò Fieschi (1518–1521)
- Antonio Maria Ciocchi del Monte (1521–1523)
- Pietro Accolti (1523–1524)
- Lorenzo Pucci (1524)
- Giovanni Piccolomini (1524–1531)
- Giovanni Domenico de Cupis (1531–1533)
- Andrea della Valle (1533)
- Bonifacio Ferrero (1533–1534)
- Lorenzo Campeggio (1534–1535)
- Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg (1535–1540)
- Alessandro Cesarini (1540–1541)
- Francesco Cornaro (1541–1542)
- Antonio Pucci (1542–1543)
- Giovanni Salviati (1543–1544)
- Gian Pietro Carafa (1544–1546)
- Ennio Filonardi (1546–1549)
- Jean du Bellay (1550–1553)
- Rodolfo Pio (1553)
- Juan Álvarez de Toledo (1553–1555)
- Francesco Pisani (1555–1557)
- Pedro Pacheco de Villena (1557–1560)
- Giovanni Girolamo Morone (1560–1561)
- Cristoforo Madruzzo (1561–1562)
- Otto von Truchsess von Waldburg (1562–1570)
- Giulio della Rovere (1570)
- Giovanni Ricci (1570–1573)
- Scipione Rebiba (1573–1574)
- Fulvio Giulio della Corgna, Ordine di San Giovanni di Gerusalemme (1574–1580)
- Gianfrancesco Gambara (1580–1583)
- Alfonso Gesualdo (1583–1587)
- Tolomeo Gallio (1587–1589)
- Prospero Santacroce (1589)
- Gabriele Paleotti (1589–1591)
- Michele Bonelli, (1591–1598)
- Girolamo Rusticucci (1598–1600)
- Girolamo Simoncelli (1600)
- Pedro de Deza (1600)
- Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici (1600–1602)
- Simeone Tagliavia d'Aragonia (1602–1603)
- Domenico Pinelli seniore (1603)
- Girolamo Bernerio, Dominican (1603–1607)
- Antonmaria Sauli (1607–1611)
- Paolo Emilio Sfondrati (1611–1618)
- Francesco Sforza di Santa Fiora (1618–1620)
- Alessandro Damasceni Peretti (1620–1623)
- Giovanni Battista Deti (1623–1626)
- Andrea Baroni Peretti Montalto (1626–1627)
- Carlo Emanuele Pio di Savoia (1627–1630)
- Gaspar Borja y Velasco (1630–1645)
- Bernardino Spada (1646–1652)
- Federico Baldissera Bartolomeo Cornaro (1652–1653)
- Marzio Ginetti (1653–1663)
- Giovanni Battista Maria Pallotta (1663–1666)
- Ulderico Carpegna (1666–1671)
- Virginio Orsini (1671–1675)
- Girolamo Grimaldi-Cavalleroni (1675–1685)
- Flavio Chigi seniore (1686–1689)
- Emmanuel Théodose de la Tour d'Auvergne de Bouillon (1689–1698)
- César d'Estrées (1698–1714)
- Ferdinando d'Adda (1715–1719)
- Fabrizio Paolucci (1719–1724)
- Giacomo Boncompagni (1724–1731)
- Lodovico Pico della Mirandola (1731–1740)
- Pierluigi Carafa (1740–1751)
- Giovanni Battista Spinola (1751–1752)
- Francesco Scipione Maria Borghese (1752–1759)
- Carlo Alberto Guidobono Cavalchini (1759–1763)
- Fabrizio II Serbelloni (1763–1774)
- François-Joaquim de Pierre de Bernis (1774–1794)
- Luigi II Valenti Gonzaga (1795–1807)
- Antonio Dugnani (1807–1816)
- Michele di Pietro (1816–1820)
- Pierfrancesco Galleffi (1820–1830)
- Gianfrancesco Falzacappa (1830–1839)
- Giacomo Giustiniani (1839–1843)
- Pietro Ostini (1843–1849)
- Costantino Patrizi Naro (1849–1860)
- Lodovico Altieri (1860–1867)
- Camillo di Pietro (1867–1877)
- Carlo Luigi Morichini (1877–1879)
- Gustav Adolf von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (1879–1884)
- Raffaele Monaco La Valletta (1884–1889)
- Lucido Maria Parocchi (1889–1896)
- Isidoro Verga (1896–1899)
- Antonio Agliardi (1899–1915)
- Gennaro Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte (1915–1948)
- Giuseppe Pizzardo (1948–1970)
- Raffaele Macario (1966–1977)
- Gaetano Bonicelli (1977–1982)
- Dante Bernini (1982–1999)
- Agostino Vallini (1999–2004)
- Marcello Semeraro (2004–present)
- Grégoire-Pierre XV Agagianian (1970–1971)
- Luigi Traglia (1972–1977)
- Francesco Carpino (1978–1993)
- Angelo Sodano (1994–present)
- Juvenal, Satires IV, 99
- Cassius Dio Cocceianus, History of Rome, LXVI, iii.
- Suetonius, "Life of Domitian", 10.
- Louis Duchesne, ed. (1884). Le Liber pontificalis: texte, introduction et commentaire (in Latin). Volume I, pars 1. Paris: E. de Boccard. pp. 184–185.
- Harnack, "Die Mission", Leipzig, 1902, p. 501. "Constantine Augustus constructed a basilica in the city of Albano, namely that of S. John the Baptist."
- Lib. Pont., Leo III; ed. Duchesne, II, 32.
- Franconi, Ferdinando (1877). La catacomba e la basilica costantiniana di Albano Laziale (in Italian). Roma: tip. di Roma.
- Sources for the period 1015-1130: Klewitz, p. 33, 116 and 120; and Hüls, p. 88-98
- Some sources mention cardinal Basilius ca.1072/73 but his existence has not been ascertained (cf. Klewitz, p. 116 note 1).
- Some sources mention cardinal Anastasio ca. 1114 but Klewitz, p. 120 no. 7 has proven that this resulted from a confusion
- Sources for the period 1130-1189: Brixius, p. 134, and Zenker, p. 32-39
- Source for the period 1189-1230: Maleczek, p. 63
- Salvador Miranda, The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Brancaccio. Retrieved: 2016-10-20.
- Salvador Miranda, The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church Consistory of November 20, 1551 Retrieved: 2016-10-20.
- P. Gauchat Hierarchia catholica Volumen quartum (IV) (Münster 1935), pp. 32-33.
- Boncompagni was Doctor in utroque iure (Canon and Civil Law) (Rome, Sapienza (1676). He was Archbishop of Bologna from 1690 until his death in 1731. He was created a cardinal priest by Pope Innocent XII on 12 December 1695, and assigned the titular church of S. Maria in Via. He was promoted to the Suburbicarian diocese of Albano on 12 June 1724. He died in Rome on 24 March 1731. Ritzler, V, p. 19; p. 124 with note 3; VI, p. 126.
- Pico was a Doctor in utroque iure (Canon and Civil Law). In 1699 he became a Cleric of the Apostolic Camera (papal Treasury). He was appointed Prefect of the Papal Chamber in 1706, and given the titular Patriarchate of Constantinople (1706-1712). He became Prefect of the Apostolic Palace in 1707. At the same time he was given a three year term as Governor of Castelgandolfo. He was created a Cardinal Priest on 18 May 1712 by Pope Clement XI, and assigned the titular church of San Silvestro in Capite. He moved to Santa Prassede in 1728, and was promoted Cardinal Bishop of Albano on 9 April 1731. He held the diocese until he was promoted to Porto on 29 August 1740. He died on 10 August 1743. Ritzler, V, p. 28 no. 38, with notes 15-18, 48, and p. 170, with note 3; VI, p. 39. Pico della Mirandola was a member of the Accademia degli Arcadi, even before he became a cardinal: Giovanni Mario Crescimbeni (1730). L'istoria della volgar poesia (in Italian). Volume III (third ed.). Venezia: L. Basegio. p. 287.
- Dugnani was a native of Milan. He received the degree Doctor in utroque iure (Canon and Civil Law) from the University of Pavia. In 1770 he became personal secretary to Pope Clement XIV. He was Apostolic Nuncio in France from 1787 to 1791 and consecrated Archbishop of Rhodes. He was elevated to the rank of Cardinal Priest by Pope Pius VI on 21 February 1794, and assigned the titular church of San Giovanni a Porta Latina; he was appointed Legate in the Romandiola. He moved to Santa Prassede in 1801. On 3 August 1807 he was promoted Cardinal Bishop of Albano, and on 8 March 1816 he transferred to the diocese of Porto. In May 1817 he became Prefect of the Signature of Justice. He died in Rome on 17 October 1818. J. J. Looney, ed. (2012). The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Retirement Series, Volume 8: 1 October 1814 to 31 August 1815. Princeton University Press. p. 483. ISBN 1-4008-4004-X. Ritzler, VI, p. 37, with notes 70-73.
- Falzacappa was a native of Corneto. He had previously been titular Archbishop of Athens (Greece) until he was transferred to Ancona on 10 March 1823; on the same day he was created Cardinal Priest by Pope Pius VII. He was first Cardinal Priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo, then of S. Maria in Trastevere, until 5 July 1830, when he was promoted to the diocese of Albano. He was named Prefect of the Signature of Justice, and a member of nine other Congregations in the Roman Curia. Notizie per l'anno 1834 (in Italian). Roma: Cracas. 1834. pp. 31, 73–74. Notizie per l'anno 1823 p. 32.
- Parocchi was a native of Milan. He had been Bishop of Pavia (1871-1877), and Archbishop of Bologna (1877-1882). He was created a cardinal by Pope Pius IX on 22 June 1877, and assigned the titular church of San Sisto (1877-1884), from which he moved to Santa Croce in Gerusalemme (1884-1889). He was Vicar General of the Pope for the City of Rome from 1884 to 1899. He was appointed Cardinal Bishop of Albano on 24 May 1889. ON 30 November 1896 he became Cardinal Bishop of Porto and sub-Dean of the College of Cardinals. He died on 15 June 1906. La gerarchia cattolica (in Italian). Roma: tip. Vaticana. 1888. pp. 64–65. A. Battandier (ed.) L'annuaire pontifique (Paris: La Bonne Presse 1899), pp. 98-99. Lentz, p. 140.
- Verga was born at Bassano, and enjoyed a career in the Roman Curia, culminating in the Secretaryship of the Congregation of the Council. He was named Cardinal Deacon of San Angelo in Pescheria on 10 November 1881, and moved to Santa Maria in Via lata on 1 June 1891. On 30 June 1896 he was promoted Cardinal Priest of San Callisto. ond on 30 November 1896 he was promoted to the See of Albano. A. Battandier (ed.) L'annuaire pontifique (Paris: La Bonne Presse 1899), pp. 98-99.
- Lentz, pp. 7-8.
- Lentz, pp. 84-85.
- Macario was Auxiliary Bishop of Albano from 1948 to 1966. Henri de Lubac (2015). Vatican Council Notebooks: Volume 1. San Francisco CA USA: Ignatius Press. pp. 461, n. ISBN 978-1-58617-305-0.
- Bräuer, p. 299. Lentz, p. 7.
- Bräuer, p. 358-359. Lentz, p. 248.
- Bräuer, p. 399. Lentz, pp. 35-36.
- Bräuer, pp. 536-537. Lentz, pp. 178-179.
Books and articles
- Bräuer, Martin (2014). Handbuch der Kardinäle: 1846-2012 (in German). Berlin: De Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-026947-5.
- Brixius, Johannes M. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalskollegiums von 1130-1181, Berlin 1912.
- De Rossi, Le catacombe di Albano, in Bull. di arch. Crist. (1869).
- Cappelletti, Giuseppe (1844). Le chiese d'Italia della loro origine sino ai nostri giorni (in Italian). Volume primo. Venezia: Giuseppe Antonelli. pp. 655–682.
- Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo (in Latin). Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz. pp. xxii–xxiv.
- Gauchat, Patritius (1935). Hierarchia catholica Volumen quartum (IV) Münster.
- Giorni, Francesco (1842). Storia di Albano (in Italian). Roma: Puccinelli.
- Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049–1130, Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom 1977
- Kehr, Paul Fridolin (1907). Italia pontificia (in Latin). Vol. II: Lativm. Berlin: Weidmann. pp. 30–36. ISBN 978-5-88390-446-1.
- Klewitz, Hans-Walter. Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg, Darmstadt 1957.
- Leclercq, Albano (catacombe d'), in Dict. d'archeol. Chret. et de lit. (Paris, 1904).
- Lentz, Harris M. (2009). Popes and Cardinals of the 20th Century: A Biographical Dictionary. Jefferson NC USA: McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-2155-5.
- Maleczek, Werner. Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216, Vienna 1984.
- Marucchi, Orazio "Di alcune inscrizioni recentement trovate e ricomposte nel cimitero di Domitilla," in Nuovo bull. di arch. crist. (1899), p. 24.
- Marucchi, Orazio (1903). Guida delle Catacombe di Albano (in Italian). Roma: Desclee, Lefebvre.
- Riccy, Giovanni Antonio (1787). Memorie storiche dell' antichissima citta di Alba-Longa e dell' Albano moderno ...: divise in tre libri (in Italian). Roma: Giovanni Zempel.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1952). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V (1667-1730). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. (in Latin)
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1958). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI (1730-1799). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. (in Latin)
- Ughelli, Ferdinando; Coleti, Niccolò (1717). Italia sacra sive De Episcopis Italiae, et insularum adjacentium (in Latin). Tomus primus (1) (editio secunda, aucta et emendata ed.). Venice: apud Sebastianum Coleti. pp. 247–278.
- Volpi, Latium Vetus, Profanum et Sacrum (Rome, 1726).
- Zenker, Barbara. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130 bis 1159, Würzburg 1964.