Bushi language

Native to Mayotte, Madagascar
Native speakers
39,000 (2001)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 buc
Glottolog bush1250[2]

Bushi (Shibushi or Kibushi) is a dialect of Malagasy spoken in the French-ruled Comorian island of Mayotte. In 1995, it was spoken by 806,000 people (767,000 in Madagascar and 39,000 in Mayotte).

Similar dialects in Madagascar

Bushi is spoken in northwestern Madagascar in the area of Antsiranana (Diego-Suarez) and Mahajanga (Majunga).

Mayotte Bushi

Bushi is known as Kibushi on Mayotte and is spoken by 40% of the islands' people (1980). It is spoken alongside the Maore dialect (Shimaore) of Comorian, a Bantu language. Historically, Kibushi and Shimaore have been spoken in certain villages but Shimaore tends to be the de facto indigenous lingua franca in everyday life, because of the larger Shimaore-speaking population. Only Shimaore is represented on the local television news program by Réseau Outre-Mer 1re. Dialects of Bushi in Mayotte (known as Shibushi in Shimaore) include Kiantalaotse and Kibushi-Kimaore (Shibushi-Shimaore in Shimaore).

Bushi is spoken along the west coast of the main island (Grande-Terre) including the villages of Bambo Est, M'Boueni, Passy-Kéli, Mronabeja, Kani-Kéli, Chirongui, Poroani, Ouangani, Chiconi, Sohoa, M'Tsangamouji, Acoua, Mtsangadoua, Handrema.


In Mayotte, Bushi was traditionally written with an informal French-based Latin orthography. On 22 February 2006, the Conseil de la Culture, de l'Education et de l'Environnement de Mayotte introduced an official alphabet that utilizes the basic Latin alphabet without c, j, q, and x and adds three letters: ɓ, ɗ, and n̈.[3]

Mayotte Bushi alphabet
Letter Aa Bb Ɓɓ Dd Ɗɗ Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Kk Ll Mm Nn N̈n̈ Oo Pp Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Yy Zz
IPA Value /a/ /b/ /ɓ/ /d/ /ɗ/ /e/ /f/ /a/ /h/ /i/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/ /ŋ/ /o/ /p/ /r/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /v/ /w/ /j/ /z/

See also


  1. Bushi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Bushi". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Alphabet du Kibushi Archived July 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (French)

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/19/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.