Bupyeong District

Autonomous District
Korean transcription(s)
  Revised Romanization Bupyeong-gu
  McCune-Reischauer Pup'yŏng-gu
Country South Korea
Region Sudogwon
Provincial level Incheon
  Total 31.98 km2 (12.35 sq mi)
  Total 556,985
  Density 17,000/km2 (45,000/sq mi)
  Dialect Seoul
Website Bupyeong District Office

Bupyeong District (Bupyeong-gu) is one of the 10 administrative divisions (eight wards and two counties) that comprise Incheon, South Korea. Bupyeong-gu comprises an area of 12.35 square miles (31.98 square km), and has a population of 553,961. It is located north of Namdong-gu, east of Seo-gu, and south of Gyeyang-gu. The city of Bucheon, in neighboring Gyeonggi Province, comprises its eastern limit.


Bupyeong-gu was created as its own ward in 1995 when 'Buk-gu' was split into 'Gyeyang-gu' and 'Bupyeong-gu' due to rapid growth in the region.[1] Before the 1970s, much of the area was rich farmland. However, with rapid industrial development and the construction of large apartment complexes, the farmland quickly disappeared leaving what is today a large urban district.

History of "old Bupyeong"

Old Bupyeong was an administrative district, distinctive from Incheon, before 1914, when the Japanese colonial government merged it with outer parts of old Incheon into Bucheon County. Bupyeong Metropolitan Prefecture (i.e. Buyeong Dohobu, 부평도호부) consisted of today's Bupyeong-gu, Gyeyang-gu, Seo-gu(excepting Geomdan) in Incheon, Bucheon City in Gyeonggi, and western part of Guro-gu in Seoul. In 1895, Bupyeong Metropolitan Prefecture was degraded to Bupyeong County. The city centre was in Gyesan-dong, Gyeyang-gu. The two remaining buildings of the Bupyeong prefecture office are located in Bupyeong Elementary School.

It should be noted that only Sipjeong-dong was part of Juan township of old Incheon, other than old Bupyeong.

Old Bupyeong was traditionally a district of higher hierarchy than old Incheon in the administrative district system before Incheon became a metropolitan prefecture in early Joseon, and was a military centre for coastal Gyeonggi area, covering old Incheon, Tongjin, Gimpo, Yangcheon, Ansan, Siheung, Gwacheon, and so on.


At the core of the district lies Bupyeong Station. The station lies at the intersection of the Incheon Subway Line 1 and Seoul Subway Line 1, instantly making it one of the busiest subway stations in all of Korea.

The area around Bupyeong Station includes the Bupyeong Underground Market, which boasts hundreds of small shops selling mostly clothing and make-up, and the Bupyeong Cultural Street, a walking street which holds several performances and cultural events throughout the year. The area also contains many restaurants and bars, making it a popular weekend destination for residents of Incheon. Nearby is Bupyeong Market, a large traditional market where vendors sell fresh meat, produce, and traditional medicine.

GM Korea, formerly Daewoo Motors, has its company headquarters and largest automobile manufacturing plant in Bupyeong. The GM Korea Design Center, which is said to "play an important role in GM's Global Design organization," is located there.[2]

Incheon's professional basketball team, the ET Land Elephants, plays at Samsan Gymnasium in Bupyeong.

Main Article:Camp Market

Bupyeong District is also home to Camp Market, a small United States Army depot.

Administrative Divisions

Administrative divisions

The administrative divisions of Bupyeong District consist of 22 dongs. Bupyeong District is approximately 3.09% of the area of Incheon with an area of 31.98 km2.

Administrative Division Chinese characters Area (㎢) Households Population
Bupyeong-(1)il-dong 富平1洞 1.10 13,192 35,399
Bupyeong-(2)i-dong 富平2洞 2.28 9,228 22,519
Bupyeong-(3)sam-dong 富平3洞 1.00 6,784 15,677
Bupyeong-(4)sa-dong 富平4洞 1.04 11,903 26,760
Bupyeong-(5)o-dong 富平5洞 0.83 10,765 25,355
Bupyeong-(6)ryuk-dong 富平6洞 0.76 7,083 16,500
Sangok-(1)il-dong 山谷1洞 2.07 8,369 20,400
Sangok-(2)i-dong 山谷2洞 0.92 11,221 35,934
Sangok-(3)sam-dong 山谷3洞 1.43 9,290 26,408
Sangok-(4)sa-dong 山谷4洞 0.76 6,773 20,566
Cheongcheon-(1)-il-dong 淸川1洞 2.16 7,361 16,768
Cheongcheon-(2)-i-dong 淸川2洞 2.78 13,719 37,871
Galsan-(1)il-dong 葛山1洞 1.07 7,072 18,855
Galsan-(2)i-dong 葛山2洞 0.66 8,608 23,482
Samsan-(1)il-dong 三山1洞 2.13 14,837 41,582
Samsan-(2)i-dong 三山2洞 1.26 10,249 32,102
Bugae-(1)-il-dong 富開1洞 0.95 8,108 20,607
Bugae-(2)-i-dong 富開2洞 0.75 9,061 24,971
Bugae-(3)-sam-dong 富開3洞 0.86 12,814 37,834
Ilsin-dong 日新洞 4.30 5,336 15,014
Shipjeong(1)il-dong 十井1洞 1.79 8,876 22,439
Shipjeong(2)i-dong 十井2洞 1.09 12,476 29,750
Bupyeong District 富平區 31.99 213,125 566,793


  1. http://www.icbp.go.kr/foreign/eng/introduction/origin.asp[]
  2. http://wot.motortrend.com/spark-of-creativity-gm-korean-design-center-to-expand-209509.html#axzz2GY0jBEZi
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Coordinates: 37°30′25″N 126°43′19″E / 37.507°N 126.722°E / 37.507; 126.722

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