Ongjin County, Incheon

Korean transcription(s)
  Revised Romanization Ongjin-gun
  McCune-Reischauer Ongjin-kun

Janggyeong Beach on Yeongheung Island


Divisions of Ongjin are numbered
Country South Korea
Region Sudogwon
Provincial level Incheon
Administrative divisions 7 myeon
  Total 164.14 km2 (63.37 sq mi)
  Dialect Seoul
Website Ongjin County Office
Islanders of the Sir James Hall Group, engraving c. 1817

Ongjin County is a county in Incheon Metropolitan City, South Korea. It consists of a group of islands in the Yellow Sea (West Sea).

Four of the islands, Yeonpyeong Island, Baengnyeong, Daecheong, and Socheong Islands, are very near the Northern Limit Line. They are close to the Ongjin Peninsula of South Hwanghae Province in North Korea, at a considerable distance from the nearest part of the South Korean mainland. These islands are popular destinations for tourism. In historical contexts these three islands and their smaller neighbors are sometimes known as the Sir James Hall Group after Sir James Hall, whose son Basil Hall was an early Western visitor to Korea.[1]


Once a part of the Lolang district of the Han Empire before the 4th century, this area was known as Ongcheon during the Three Kingdoms period. It was bestowed with the name in use today - Ongjin - during the reign of King Taejo of Goryeo, the founder of the Goryeo Dynasty. Then in 1018, during the 9th year of King Hyeonjong's reign over Goryeo, the county was established as one of the major administrative divisions in the heartland of the kingdom. [2]


Administrative divisions

The Ongjin County seat is located outside of the county itself, in Nam-gu, Incheon. There is also an Ongjin County in South Hwanghae Province, North Korea. This chain of islands was originally a part of South Hwanghae province before the Partition of Korea in 1948.

Administrative divisions

Ongjin County is divided into seven townships ("myeon").


It is difficult to reach Ongjin County because of its proximity to North Korea and its distance from South Korean areas.

The coast and islands feature many gravel beaches, some of which (such as Guridong beach and Gulubdo beach) feature fantastic eroded stone outcroppings. There are also large mudflats, which are a popular tourist destination.

Onjin county has been used as a setting for several popular television dramas. There are many soap operas featuring the coastlines of Onjin county such as Sad Love Story, Full House (2004 TV series).[3]

See also


  1. "History of United States Naval Operations, Korea". United States Department of the Navy, Naval Historical Center. Retrieved 2006-11-03.
  2. Official page of Ongjin County(eng)
  3. from official website of Ongjin county

Coordinates: 37°12′50″N 126°10′42″E / 37.21389°N 126.17833°E / 37.21389; 126.17833

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