A bartizan, also called a guerite or échauguette, or spelled bartisan, is an overhanging, wall-mounted turret projecting from the walls of late medieval and early-modern fortifications from the early 14th century up to the 18th century. Most frequently found at corners, they protected a warder and enabled him to see his surroundings. Bartizans generally are furnished with oillets or arrow slits. The turret was usually supported by stepped masonry corbels and could be round or square.
Bartizans were incorporated into many notable examples of Scots Baronial Style architecture in Scotland. In the architecture of Aberdeen, the new Town House, built in 1868–74, incorporates bartizans in the West Tower.
South-East Bartizan on Greenknowe Tower, Scottish Borders (and another one in the background)
Line drawing of a bartizan
Bartizans on the West Tower of the new Town House in Aberdeen, Scotland, 1868–74.
A bartizan-style British concrete position built at the north-western corner of Sergei courtyard, Jerusalem. This is probably the sole existing testimony of the British "Bevingrad" constructed in 1946.
Modern Bartizan (Garitta) of an italian Carabinieri's Barracks.
Devil's Sentry Box, or the "Garita del Diablo", Castle of San Felipe del Morro, in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
|Look up bartizan, bartisan, échauguette, or guerite in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- garret—an attic or top floor room in the military sense; a watchtower from the French word garite
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wood, James, ed. (1907). "Bartizan". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bartizan". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 450.
- Bradley, Simon, ed. (2010). Pevsner's Architectural Glossary. Yale University Press. p. 33. ISBN 978-0-300-16721-4.
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