Andhaman Kaidhi

Andhaman Kaidhi
அந்தமான் கைதி

Film Poster
Directed by V. Krishnan[1]
Produced by Radhakrishna Films
Written by Ku. Sa. Krishnamurthy
Starring M. G. Ramachandran
Thikkurissy Sukumaran Nair
M. S. Draupadhi
P. K. Saraswathi
K. Sarangkapani
T. S. Balaiah
Music by G. Govindarajulu Naidu
Cinematography V. Krishnan
Distributed by Radhakrishna Films
Release dates
  • 14 March 1952 (1952-03-14)
Running time
190 minutes
Country India
Language Tamil

Andhaman Kaidhi (Tamil: அந்தமான் கைதி) (English: The Prisoner of the Andamans India) is a Tamil language film starring M. G. Ramachandran in the lead role. The film was released in 1952.[2]


Based on a play by Ku. Sa. Krishnamurthy, Andhaman Kaidhi, 1938, (full name, Kumbakonam Swaminatha Pillai Krishnamurthy was born on 19 May 1914 to Swaminatha Pillai and Meenakshi Ammal), Andamaan Kaidhi is a story dealing with Indian independence and partition. The story was adapted from for the stage by T. K. Shanmugam, and Andhaman Kaidhi was a hugely successful drama.


In the opening sequence, jailed former labor leader Nataraj (M. G. Ramachandran) is telling his cellmates about the suffering his family endured as a result of uncle Ponnambalam (K. Sarangapani) betraying his fellow Indians in order to help the British. Nataraj tells of how Ponnambalam murdered his father, swindled his mother of her meager savings and forced her sister Leela (P. K. Saraswathi) into marriage. Nataraj hunts down and kills his uncle, which lands him in jail to tell his story.

Circa 1947. Ponnambalam Pillai helps himself to the properties and riches of his brother-in-law Chidambaram Pillai, who is settled in faraway Karachi. Ponnambalam is aided by his sidekick Jambu and the court clerk Muniyandi. When Chidambaram Pillai returns home and starts questioning Ponnambalam, he is killed.

In the aftermath of India Pakistan partition, Chidambaram Pillai’s family manages to escape from the strife torn Karachi. His wife, son Natarajan and daughter Leela reach their hometown, only to find Chidambaram Pillai dead. They are driven away by the heartless Ponnambalam. An honest youth Balu, who is moved by their plight and offers them shelter in his house and falls in love with Leela. Natarajan who took pity for Vallikannu, who had been a victim of Ponnambalam’s lust, soon turns to love.

Jambu gets Natarajan arrested on trumped up charges, and succeeds in getting Leela married to Ponnambalam. Leela pretends to be haunted by a ghost, and manages to postpone consummating the coerced marriage. But Jambu sees through her pretences and makes bold to molest her. Balu rushes to save Leela from her ordeal, but when he reaches her house, he finds Leela torn and bruised, and Ponnambalam is lying dead. Balu is charged with the murder and arrested.


Actor Role
M. G. Ramachandran Nataraj
M. S. Draupadhi Vallikannu
Thikkurissy Sukumaran Nair Balu
P. K. Saraswathi Leela
K. Sarangkapani Ponnambalam Pillai
T. S. Balaiah Jambu
S. D. Subbulakshmi Kamatchi
T. N. Sivadhanu Muniayandi



The music was composed by G. Govindarajulu Naidu. All the lyrics were by Ku. Sa. Krishnamurthy except the song Kaani Nilam Vendum Paraasakthi is by Mahakavi Bharathiyar. Playback singers are C. S. Jayaraman, Ghantasala, T. A. Mothi, J. P. Chandrababu, M. L. Vasanthakumari, T. V. Rathinam, P. Leela, A. P. Komala and A. G. Rathnamala.

No. Song Singers Lyrics Length (m:ss)
1 Kaani Nilam Vendum Paraasakthi C. S. Jayaraman & M. L. Vasanthakumari Mahakavi Bharathiyar 02:34
2 Vaazhvin Jeevan Kaadhale Valarum Anbin Nilaiyaale Ghantasala Ku. Sa. Krishnamurthy 02:56
3 Vaazhvin Jeevan Kaadhale Valarum Anbin Nilaiyaale (pathos) P. Leela 02:21
4 I Love You I Love You Aasaiyaanene Un Mele J. P. Chandrababu & A. G. Rathnamala 03:00
5 Anju Rooba Nottai Konjam Munne Maatthi T. V. Rathinam 02:31
6 O Balu.... Vanna Malar Thannai Kandu T. A. Mothi & P. Leela 03:29
7 Mayangaadhe Madhi Mayangaadhe T. V. Rathinam 03:55
8 Inbam Illaadha Illara Vaazhvil C. S. Jayaraman, dialogues by
P. K. Saraswathi & K. Sarangkapani
9 College Padippukku Goodbye Nam Kaadhal Vaazhvukkini Welcome T. V. Rathinam & A. P. Komala 07:10
10 Inbam Neruma En Vaazhvil Inbam Neruma T. V. Rathinam 03:04


  1. "Andhaman Kaidhi". thehindu. Retrieved 2014-06-09.
  2. "One Hundred Tamils of the 20th Century: M.G.Ramachandran - MGR". Retrieved 2008-11-30.

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