Zero-width joiner

The zero-width joiner (ZWJ) is a non-printing character used in the computerized typesetting of some complex scripts such as the Arabic script or any Indic script. When placed between two characters that would otherwise not be connected, a ZWJ causes them to be printed in their connected forms.

In some cases, such as the second Devanagari example below, the ZWJ follows the second rather than the first character.

When a ZWJ is placed between two emoji characters, it can also result in a new form being shown, such as the family emoji, made up of two adult emoji and one or two child emoji.[1]

The character's code point is U+200D ZERO WIDTH JOINER (HTML ‍ · ‍). In the InScript keyboard layout for Indian languages, it is typed by the key combination Ctrl+Shift+1. However, many layouts use the ']' key for this character.[2]


Character sequence Appearance
[ka क] [virāma ्] क्
[ka क] [virāma ्] [ZWJ] क्‍
[ka क] [virāma ्] [ṣa ष] क्ष
[ka क] [virāma ्] [ZWJ] [ṣa ष] क्‍ष
Character sequence Appearance
[na ನ] [virāma ್] ನ್
[na ನ] [virāma ್] [na ನ] ನ್ನ
[na ನ] [virāma ್] [ZWJ] [na ನ] ನ್‌ನ
[ra ರ‍] [virāma ್] [ka ಕ] ರ್ಕ
[ra ರ‍] [ZWJ] [virāma ್] [ka ಕ] ರ‍್ಕ
(Until Unicode 5.0; in later editions, specific code points are allotted[3])
Character sequence Appearance
[Na ണ] [virāma ്] [ZWJ] ണ്‍
[na ന] [virāma ്] [ZWJ] ന്‍
[ra ര] [virāma ്] [ZWJ] ര്‍
[la ല] [virāma ്] [ZWJ] ല്‍
[La ള] [virāma ്] [ZWJ] ള്‍

See also


  1. "Zero Width Joiner". Emojipedia. Retrieved 2015-09-21.
  2. "ചിത്രം:Inscript.jpg – Malayalam Computing" (in Malayalam). Retrieved 2011-10-22.
  3. "Changes related to Malayalam in Unicode 5.1.0 from 5.0" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-06-12.

External links

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