Zemplén County

This article is about the historical county of the Kingdom of Hungary. For other uses, see Zemplín.
Zemplén County
Comitatus Zemplinensis
Zemplén vármegye
Komitat Semplin
Zemplínska župa
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
12th century–1920

Coat of arms

Capital Sátoraljaújhely
48°23′N 21°39′E / 48.383°N 21.650°E / 48.383; 21.650Coordinates: 48°23′N 21°39′E / 48.383°N 21.650°E / 48.383; 21.650
  Established 12th century
  Treaty of Trianon June 4, 1920
  1910 6,282 km2 (2,425 sq mi)
  1910 343,194 
Density 54.6 /km2  (141.5 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovakia, Hungary

Zemplén (Hungarian: Zemplén, Slovak: Zemplín, German: Semplin, Latin: Zemplinum) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. The northern part of its territory is now situated in eastern Slovakia (Zemplín region) while the southern portions of the county belong to Hungary, as parts of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County.


Zemplén county

Zemplén county shared borders with Poland (during some periods the Austrian crownland Galicia) and the Hungarian counties Sáros, Abaúj-Torna, Borsod, Szabolcs and Ung. It was situated in the easternmost strip of what is now Slovakia (except for the region between Vihorlatské vrchy and the Latorica river), plus a strip along the Bodrog and Tisza rivers in present-day Hungary. The rivers Laborc and Bodrog flowed through the county. Its area was 6,269 km² around 1910.


Initially, the capital of the county was the Zemplín Castle (Hungarian: Zempléni vár, Slovak: Zemplínsky hrad), in the 13th century also Sárospatak (in Slovak: Potok, hence the alternative name of the county comitatus de Potok). Since the Late Middle Ages the capital was the town of Zemplén, and since 1748 was Sátoraljaújhely (which is now divided between Slovakia and Hungary by the Ronyva/Roňava stream; the Hungarian part is known in Slovak as Nové Mesto pod Šiatrom and the Slovak part is now a separate village called Slovenské Nové Mesto).


Zemplén was one of the oldest counties of the Kingdom of Hungary. In the aftermath of World War I, in 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon the northern part of Zemplén county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia. The southern half (including the bigger part of the divided Sátoraljaújhely) stayed in Hungary as the county Zemplén. Following the provisions of the First Vienna Award, an additional part became part of Hungary again in November 1938. The Trianon borders were restored after World War II.



In 1900, the county had a population of 327,993 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]


According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]



Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, the county had a population of 343,194 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]


According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]



In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Zemplén county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
BodrogközKirályhelmec, SK Kráľovský Chlmec
GálszécsGálszécs, SK Sečovce
HomonnaHomonna, SK Humenné
MezőlaborcMezőlaborc, SK Medzilaborce
NagymihályNagymihály, SK Michalovce
SzinnaSzinna, SK Snina
SztropkóSztropkó, SK Stropkov
VarannóVarannó, SK Vranov nad Topľou
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)

The towns of Sátoraljaújhely, Sárospatak, Tokaj and Szerencs are now in Hungary, except for a small part (about a quarter by area) of Sátoraljaújhely to the north-east of the Ronyva (Roňava) stream in Slovakia, now a village of its own named Slovenské Nové Mesto.


  1. "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
  2. "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
  3. "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
  4. "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
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