This article is about the Israeli Arab town. For the Israeli journalist, see Hanna Zemer.
  • זמר
  • زيمر
Hebrew transcription(s)
  ISO 259 Zemr
Coordinates: 32°22′1.28″N 35°2′7.05″E / 32.3670222°N 35.0352917°E / 32.3670222; 35.0352917Coordinates: 32°22′1.28″N 35°2′7.05″E / 32.3670222°N 35.0352917°E / 32.3670222; 35.0352917
Grid position 154/197 PAL
District Central
Founded 1988 (merger)
  Type Local council (from 1988)
  Total 8,203 dunams (8.203 km2 or 3.167 sq mi)
Population (2015)[1]
  Total 6,486
Name meaning Khurbet Ibthan; meaning "Ruin of gardens, or of soft soil"[2]

Zemer (Hebrew: זמר; Arabic: زيمر) is an Arab local council in the Central District of Israel. It is located in the Arab Triangle area, between Baqa al-Gharbiyye and Bat Hefer on Road 574. Zemer is the result of a merger of four villages – Bir al-Sika, Ibtan, Marja and Yama, - in 1988


Potsherds dating from the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine era have been found at Ibtan.[3]

Ottoman era

Yama and Ibtan appeared in Ottoman tax registers compiled in 1596, in the Nahiyas of Qaqun and Jabal Sami, respectively, of the Nablus Liwa. Yama had a population of 18 Muslim households and 5 bachelors, while Ibtan was indicated as empty even though it paid taxes.[4]

In 1882, in the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine, only Khurbet Ibthan was noted, with "traces of ruins and a well."[5]

British Mandate era

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Bir al-Sikka had a population of 36, Ibthan 56 and Yamma 48, all Muslims.[6]

Prior to 1948, all four villages were administratively related to modern-day Palestinian town of Deir al-Ghusun.[7][8]


Zemer's population at the end of 2009 was 5,700,[9] and its jurisdiction is 8,203 dunams.[10] The population increased to 6,375 in 2014.[11]


  1. "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  2. Palmer, 1881, p. 185
  3. Abu Fana, 2006, Ibthan
  4. Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 127, p. 138.
  5. Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 196
  6. Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Tulkarem, p. 28
  7. Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 20
  8. Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 74
  9. "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2011-05-30.
  10. "Local Authorities in Israel 2005, Publication #1295 - Municipality Profiles - Zemer" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-09.
  11. "לוח 3.- אוכלוסייה( 1), ביישובים שמנו מעל 2,000 תושבים( 2) ושאר אוכלוסייה כפרית Population (1) of localities numbering above 2,000 Residents (2) and other rural population". Archived from the original on 3 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.


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