Yishtabach (Hebrew: ישתבח) (Hebrew: "[ God ] be praised") is a prayer in the final portion of the Pesukei Dezimra morning prayers of Judaism known as shacharit, recited before the second kaddish leading to the Shema prayers.
The theme of the number "fifteen" plays a pivotal role in the blessing; there are fifteen expressions conveying praise in the beginning half of the paragraph and fifteen words in the concluding blessing (after "Blessed are You, God..."). The number fifteen is an allusion both to the Divine Name יה (whose gematria is fifteen) and to the fifteen Songs of Ascents composed by King David (Psalms 120–34).
Since Baruch Sheamar and Yishtabach are both blessings, this gives the sense that Pesukei Dezimra is one single prayer. Yishtabach is not recited unless Baruch Sheamar is recited, because Baruch Sheamar is the opening blessing, and Yishtabach is the closing blessing.
Yishtabach is normally recited while standing. This is because Baruch Sheamar is recited while standing, and since Baruch Sheamar is the opening of Pesukei Dezimra and Yishtabach is the conclusion, they are both recited in the same manner. However, on Shabbat, some congregations have a custom to sit.
The author of Yishtabach is not known to this day. But with words 2-5 in the prayer spelling שׁלמה (Shlomo), this alludes to a reference to King Solomon.
Text of Yishtabach
|English translation||Transliteration||Aramaic / Hebrew|
|May your Name be praised forever our King,||Yishtabach shimcha la'ad malkeinu||יִשְׁתַּבַּח שִׁמְךָ לָעַד מַלְכֵּנוּ|
|the God, the great and holy King in heaven and on earth.||ha'eil hamelech hagadol vehakadosh bashamayim uva'aretz.||הָאֵל הַמֶּלֶךְ הַגָּדוֹל וְהַקָּדוֹשׁ, בַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ|
|Because for You is fitting O LORD, our God, and the God of our forefathers||Ki lecha na'eh adonai eloheinu v'eilohei avoteinu||כִּי לְךָ נָאֶה יְיָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ וֵאלֹהֵי אֲבוֹתֵינוּ|
|song and praise, lauding and hymns, power and dominion, triumph, greatness and strength, praise and splendor, holiness and sovereignty, blessings and thanksgivings from this time and forever.||shir ushvacha halleil vezimra oz umemshalla netzach gedula ugvura tehila vetif'eret kedusha umalchut berachot vehoda'ot mei'atta ve'ad olam.||שִׁיר וּשְׁבָחָה, הַלֵּל וְזִמְרָה, עֹז וּמֶמְשָׁלָה נֶצַח, גְּדֻלָּה וּגְבוּרָה, תְּהִלָּה, וְתִפְאֶרֶת, קְדֻשָּׁה, וּמַלְכוּת בְּרָכוֹת וְהוֹדָאוֹת מֵעַתָּה וְעַד עוֹלָם.|
|Blessed are You, O LORD, God, King exalted through praises, God of thanksgivings, Master of wonders,||Baruch atta adonai eil melech gadol batishbachot eil hahoda'ot adon hanifla'ot||בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָאֵל מֶלֶךְ גָּדוֹל בַּתִּשְׁבָּחוֹת, אֵל הַהוֹדָאוֹת, אֲדוֹן הַנִּפְלָאוֹת,|
|Who chooses musical songs of praise King, God, Life-giver of the world.||habocheir beshirei zimra melech eil, chei ha'olamim.||הַבּוֹחֵר בְּשִׁירֵי זִמְרָה, מֶלֶךְ אֵל חֵי הָעוֹלָמִים.|
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