207 series EMU on a Yamatoji Line Direct Rapid Service
|Locale||Kansai (Kyoto, Nara, Osaka prefectures)|
103 series EMU|
201 series EMU
221 series EMU
207 series EMU (Kizu — Nara, Nara - Kyuhoji)
321 series EMU (Kizu — Nara, Nara - Kyuhoji)
|Line length||54.0 km (33.6 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead lines|
120 km/h (75 mph) (Nara–Tennoji)|
95 km/h (60 mph) (Kamo–Nara, Tennoji–JR Namba)
The Yamatoji Line (大和路線 Yamatoji-sen) is the common name of the western portion of the Kansai Main Line. The line is owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West), and starts at Kamo Station in Kyoto Prefecture and ends at JR Namba Station in Naniwa-ku, Osaka.
- Yamatoji Rapid Service (大和路快速 Yamatoji kaisoku, YR), Regional Rapid Service (区間快速 Kukan kaisoku, RR)
- "Yamatoji Rapid Service" trains start at Kamo or Nara Station and divert from the Kansai Line at Shin-Imamiya Station instead of continuing to JR Namba. From Shin-Imamiya, they run on the Osaka Loop Line, making limited stops to Osaka Station, and then making every stop before completing the loop at Tennoji Station. In the rush hour, they are operated as the "Regional Rapid Service", covering the same route but making every stop on the Osaka Loop Line, and sometimes connecting to the Wakayama Line on the Nara side.
- Rapid Service (快速 Kaisoku, R)
- "Rapid Service" trains revived for the adjustment of diagram on March 15, 2008, and the color of the train type was changed from orange to green (the line color of the Yamatoji Line). The trains are operated between Kamo and JR Namba in the rush hour with 3 trains starting Kashiwara for JR Namba in the morning, 2 trains between Takada and JR Namba via the Wakayama Line and 2 trains between Oji and JR Namba in the non-rush hour.
- Direct Rapid Service (直通快速 Chokutsū kaisoku, DR)
- The operation of the "Direct Rapid Service" trains started on March 17, 2008, because of the opening of the Osaka Higashi Line and the adjustment of diagram on March 15, 2008. The trains are operated between Nara and Amagasaki via the Yamatoji Line, the Osaka Higashi Line, the Katamachi Line (Gakkentoshi Line), and the JR Tōzai Line.
- Local (普通 Futsū)
- "Local trains" stop at every station on the Yamatoji Line between Kamo and JR Namba. They are operated between Oji and JR Namba in the non-rush hour. Trains are also operated from JR Namba to Kamo and through from JR Namba to the Nara Line in the early morning.
The oldest section of the Yamatoji Line is between Kashiwara and JR Namba, which opened on May 14, 1889. The present route was completed on August 21, 1907 when the new line between Kamo and Kizu, replacing the original route via Daibutsu, was opened. The name "Yamatoji Line" has been used since March 13, 1988.
- S: Trains stop.
- Start: Part of rains start from Kashiwara for JR Namba.
- |: Trains pass.
Local trains stop at every passenger station.
|JR-Q39||Kamo||加茂||S||S||S||Kansai Main Line (for Kameyama)||Kizugawa||Kyoto Prefecture|
|JR-Q35||(scheduled to open in 2024)|
|JR-Q31||Ōji||王寺||S||S||S||S||Oji, Kitakatsuragi District|
|JR-Q24||Kyūhōji||久宝寺||S||S||S||S||Osaka Higashi Line|
|JR-Q18||Imamiya||今宮||S||||||||Osaka Loop Line|
|Continuing to and from||Tennōji
via Nishikujo and Osaka
via the Osaka Higashi Line
via Nishikujo and Osaka
- 103 series (Rapid and Local services)
- 201 series (Rapid and Local services)
- 207 series (Direct Rapid and Rapid services)
- 221 series (Yamatoji Rapid, Rapid and Local services)
- 321 series (Direct Rapid and Rapid services)
- 105 series (until 1994)
- 113 series (until July 1989)
- 117 series
- 223-0/2500 series (Kansai Airport/Kishuji Rapid service, until March 2008)
- 223-6000 series (Direct Rapid service, until March 2011)
- 381 series (Yamatoji Liner Rapid service, until March 2011)
- Ishino, Tetsu et al. (eds.) (1998). 停車場変遷大事典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory - JNR/JR] (in Japanese). I. Tokyo: JTB Corporation. p. 182. ISBN 4533029809.
- Teramoto, Mitsuteru. "関西本線（大阪方）快速運転ものがたり". The Railway Pictorial. 878 (August 2013): 59.