Yala Province



Map of Thailand highlighting Yala Province
Country Thailand
Capital Yala
  Governor Doldet Pattanarat (since October 2015)
  Total 4,521.1 km2 (1,745.6 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 48th
Population (2014)
  Total 511,911
  Rank Ranked 59th
  Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
  Density rank Ranked 47th
  HDI (2009) 0.687 (medium) (70th)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Area code(s) 073
ISO 3166 code TH-95
Vehicle registration ยะลา, เบตง (Betong)

Yala (Thai: ยะลา) is the southernmost province (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from northwest clockwise) Songkhla, Pattani and Narathiwat. Yala is the only landlocked province in the south of Thailand and its southern part borders Kedah and Perak of Malaysia.


The name "Yala" is the Thai transliteration of Jala (Jawi: جال) and the original Sanskrit name means "net". The province is also known as Jolor (Jawi: جولور) in Patani Malay language.


Yala Province is in south Thailand. The highest point of the Sankalakhiri Range (Northern Titiwangsa Mountains), the 1,533 metres (5,030 ft)-high Ulu Titi Basah (ยูลูติติ บาซาห์), is on the Thai/Malaysian border between Yala Province and Perak.[1]


For more details on this topic, see South Thailand insurgency.

Historically, Pattani Province was the centre of the Sultanate of Patani, a semi-independent Malay kingdom that paid tribute to the Thai kingdoms of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya. After Ayutthaya fell under Burmese control in 1767, the Sultanate of Patani gained full independence, but under King Rama I (reigned from 1782 to 1809), the area was again placed under Siam's control in 1785 and made a Mueang. (See the main entry on the Sultanate of Patani.) In 1808, the Mueang Pattani was split into seven smaller Mueang including Yala.[2]

The province was recognized as part of Siam by the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, negotiated with the British Empire, while Siam surrendered its claims to Kelantan, Kedah, Terengganu and Perlis. There is a small separatist movement in Yala, which after being dormant for many years, emerged again in 2004 and has recently become increasingly violent. Eight bombs exploded in the province over two days, on 6 and 7 April 2014. The bombings resulted in one death and 28 injuries, as well as damage to a warehouse estimated at about THB100 million. Local officials accordingly tightened security in the province during the Songkran festivities scheduled for 13 to 15 April.[3] The British Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) in 2014 advised its citizens to only undertake essential travel in the province, while the Australian Government's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade recommends that travellers completely avoid the province.[4][5]


Yala is one of the four provinces of Thailand with a Muslim majority. About 72% of the people are Malay-speaking Muslims and mainly live in rural locations. The remainder are Thai and Thai Chinese Buddhists, who live in towns and cities.


The provincial seal shows a miner with simple mining tools including hoes, crowbars, and baskets. Yala was originally a mining town with tin and tungsten ores.

The provincial tree is the red saraca (Saraca declinata), and the provincial flower is the bullet wood (Mimusops elengi).

Administrative divisions

Yala is subdivided into eight districts (amphoe), which are further subdivided into 56 subdistricts (tambon) and 341 villages (muban).

Map Number Name Thai Malay
1Mueang Yala เมืองยะลา Jala, Jolor
2Betong เบตง Betung
3Bannang Sata บันนังสตา Benang Setar
4Than To ธารโต Air Kedung
5Yaha ยะหา Johar
6Raman รามัน Reman
7Kabang กาบัง Kabae, Kabe
8Krong Pinang กรงปินัง Kampung Pinang



Local products



See also


  1. "Gunong Ulu Titi Basah: Thailand". Geographical Names. Information Technology Associates. 1995–2012. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  2. "Welcome to Yala: Introduction". Sawadee.com. Retrieved 27 Apr 2015.
  3. "Four more bombs explode in Yala this morning". MCOT. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  4. "Foreign travel advice Thailand". GOV.UK. Crown. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  5. "Thailand". smartraveller.com.au. Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  6. 1 2 "City Pillar Shrine". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 27 Apr 2015.
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Yala Province

Coordinates: 6°32′24″N 101°16′52″E / 6.54000°N 101.28111°E / 6.54000; 101.28111

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