Wolverhampton South West (UK Parliament constituency)
|Wolverhampton South West|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Wolverhampton South West in West Midlands.
Location of West Midlands within England.
|Electorate||59,846 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Rob Marris (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
Wolverhampton South West is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
1950-1955: The County Borough of Wolverhampton wards of Blakenhall and St John's, Graiseley, Penn, St George's, St Mark's and Merridale, St Matthew's, and St Philip's.
1955-1974: The County Borough of Wolverhampton wards of Blakenhall and St John's, Graiseley, Park, Penn, St George's, St Mark's and Merridale, St Matthew's, and St Philip's.
1974-1983: The County Borough of Wolverhampton wards of Graiseley, Merry Hill, Park, Penn, St Peter's, Tettenhall Regis, and Tettenhall Wightwick.
1983-2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Wolverhampton wards of Graiseley, Merry Hill, Park, Penn, St Peter's, Tettenhall Regis, and Tettenhall Wightwick.
2010-present: The City of Wolverhampton wards of Graiseley, Merry Hill, Park, Penn, St Peter's, Tettenhall Regis, and Tettenhall Wightwick.
Wolverhampton South West is one of three constituencies covering the city of Wolverhampton, covering the city centre (including the University and Civic Centre) as well as western and south-western parts of the city. The boundaries run south from the city centre towards Penn and north-west towards Tettenhall.
This hyper-marginal seat contains a mix of different areas; St Peter's, Graiseley and Park are relatively deprived inner city wards, with significant ethnic minority populations, mainly of Asian origin and are Labour voting-areas. Penn and Merry Hill are more mixed and suburban with mostly Conservative voters. Tettenhall Regis and Tettenhall Wightwick are affluent suburbs on the western fringe of the West Midlands conurbation and are the strongest Tory wards in the seat.
The constituency is heavily associated with the controversial Conservative politician Enoch Powell who was MP for the seat from 1950 until 1974, when he departed to the Ulster Unionist Party. It was during this time that he served in Ted Heath's shadow cabinet, from which he was dismissed in 1968 after his controversial Rivers of Blood speech in which he predicted severe civil unrest if mass immigration from the Commonwealth continued. This speech was reportedly the result of Powell's meeting with a woman in the constituency who was the last white person living in her street.
He was succeeded by fellow Conservative Nicholas Budgen, who held the seat until 1997. Budgen is best known as one of the Maastricht rebels of the mid 1990s. He was defeated in the 1997 election by Labour's Jenny Jones, the seat being one of many gained by Labour from the Conservatives in that election. As the next general election loomed, she announced that she would not be seeking re-election. From the 2001 general election, the constituency was represented by Rob Marris of the Labour Party for nine years until he lost it in the 2010 general election to Paul Uppal of the Conservative Party, who coincidentally had exactly the same numerical majority (691) as Powell did in 1950. Marris regained the seat from Uppal at the 2015 general election.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Nicholas Budgen||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Neale Upstone||845||2.1||-13.9|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Robin Lawrence||6,430||16.0||+2.5|
|Equal Parenting Alliance||Raymond Barry||246||0.6||+0.6|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+3.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Colin Ross||5,568||13.4||+5.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Mike Dixon||3,425||8.4||+0.2|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Matthew Green||4,012||8.2||−0.3|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Wiggin||4,470||8.5||−10.1|
Elections in the 1980s
|SDP–Liberal Alliance (Social Democratic)||Beris Lamb||9,616||18.6||−2.9|
|SDP–Liberal Alliance (Social Democratic)||Edgar Harwood||10,724||21.5||+8.0|
|Anti-Common Market||John Deary||201||0.4|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative||Nicholas William Budgen||26,587||52.5||+8.3|
|National Front||June Lees||912||1.8||−1.5|
|Anti-Common Market||John Deary||401||0.8|
|Conservative||Nicholas William Budgen||20,854||44.2||−1.5|
|Labour||Ivan Ernest Geffen||15,554||33.0||+0.9|
|Liberal||Joseph Abraham Wernick||9,215||19.5||+0.3|
|National Front||Garth Anthony Cooper||1,573||3.3||+0.3|
|Conservative||Nicholas William Budgen||23,123||45.7|
|Liberal||Joseph Abraham Wernick||9,691||19.2|
|National Front||Garth Anthony Cooper||1,523||3.0|
Elections in the 1960s
Elections in the 1950s
|Liberal||William Frederick Hubert Rollason||4,229||9.6|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
- List of Members of Parliament for Wolverhampton
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in the West Midlands (county)
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Wolverhampton
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Wolverhampton South West". BBC news. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Peter Evans (5 June 1970). "Immigrant girl will vote in despair—Powellism". News. The Times (57888). London. col C, p. 9.