Winston Dugan, 1st Baron Dugan of Victoria

Major General The Right Honourable
The Lord Dugan of Victoria

The Lord Dugan of Victoria.
21st Governor of South Australia
In office
28 July 1934  23 February 1939
Monarch George V (1934–36)
Edward VIII (1936)
George VI (1936–39)
Premier Richard Layton Butler (1934–38)
Sir Thomas Playford (1938–39)
Preceded by The Earl of Gowrie
Succeeded by Sir Malcolm Barclay-Harvey
18th Governor of Victoria
In office
17 July 1939  20 February 1949
Monarch George VI
Preceded by Lord Huntingfield
Succeeded by Sir Reginald Brooks
Personal details
Born Winston Joseph Dugan
(1876-09-03)3 September 1876
Parsonstown, King's County, Ireland
Died 17 August 1951(1951-08-17) (aged 74)
Marylebone, London, England
Spouse(s) Ruby Lilian Applewhaite-Abbott
Military service
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1896–1934
Rank Major General
Unit Royal Lincolnshire Regiment
Worcestershire Regiment
Commands 184th Infantry Brigade (1916)
73rd Brigade (1916–18)
10th Brigade (1919–23)
56th (1st London) Division (1931–34)
Battles/wars Second Boer War
First World War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Knight of Justice of the Order of St John
Mentioned in Despatches (6)

Major General Winston Joseph Dugan, 1st Baron Dugan of Victoria GCMG, CB, DSO, KStJ (3 September 1876  17 August 1951),[1] known as Sir Winston Dugan between 1934 and 1949, was a British administrator and a career British Army officer. He served as Governor of South Australia from 1934 to 1939, then Governor of Victoria until 1949.

Background and education

Dugan was the son of Charles Winston Dugan, of Oxmantown Mall, Birr, County Offaly, Ireland, an inspector of schools. His mother was born Esther Elizabeth Rogers. He attended Lurgan College, Craigavon, Ireland from 1887 to 1889, and Wimbledon College, Wimbledon, London, England. The family name was pronounced as "Duggan".[1] They were originally from County Galway and were a branch of the Soghain people.

Military career

Dugan was a sergeant in the Royal Sussex Regiment, but transferred to the Lincolnshire Regiment as a second lieutenant on 24 January 1900.[2] He fought with the 2nd battalion of his regiment in the Second Boer War 1899-1900, and received the Queen's South Africa Medal with three clasps. Following the war he was appointed adjutant of his battalion on 28 June 1901,[3] and promoted to lieutenant on 1 November 1901. He later fought with distinction in the First World War, where he was wounded and mentioned in despatches six times. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in 1915 and appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) in 1918. In 1929 he was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) and the following year he was promoted to major general. From 1931 to 1934 he commanded the 56th (1st London) Division, Territorial Army.

Governor of South Australia

In 1934, Dugan was appointed Governor of South Australia. He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG), retired from the Army and moved to Adelaide with his wife. They became an extremely popular and glamorous vice-regal couple. Sir Winston and Lady Dugan were both excellent public speakers, and travelled widely in order to bring problems to the attention of the ministers of the day. He gave moral and financial support to numerous good causes and needy individuals. Upon the expiration of his term, there was bipartisan parliamentary support for him to serve a second term, but he had already accepted an appointment to be Governor of Victoria.[1]

Governor of Victoria

Sir Winston and Lady Dugan arrived in Melbourne on 17 July 1939. They continued their active role in community affairs, promoting unemployment reduction and making the ballroom of Government House available for the Australian Red Cross.

Dugan had an active role stabilising state politics during the tumultuous 1940s. Upon the disintegration of Albert Dunstan's Country Party in 1943, he installed the Labor leader John Cain as Premier. Four days later, Dunstan formed a coalition with the United Australia Party. Following the collapse of that ministry in 1945, Dugan dissolved parliament and called a general election for November, which resulted in the balance of power being held by independents. Dugan commissioned Cain to form the ministry of a minority government.[1]

Dugan's term as Governor was extended five times. He was also the Administrator of the Commonwealth on two occasions: from 5 September 1944 to 30 January 1945, between the departure of the Governor-General, Lord Gowrie, and the arrival of his successor, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester; and from 19 January to 11 March 1947, between the departure of the Duke of Gloucester and the appointment of his successor, William McKell. He returned to England in February 1949. On 7 July 1949 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Dugan of Victoria, of Lurgan in the County of Armagh.[4]

Personal life

Lord Dugan of Victoria married Ruby Lilian, daughter of Charles Abbott of Kilcaskan, County Cork, in 1912. There were no children from the marriage. He died at Marylebone, London, on 17 August 1951, aged 74; the barony became extinct.


  1. 1 2 3 4 Howell, P. A. "Dugan, Sir Winston Joseph (1876–1951)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
  2. The London Gazette: no. 27156. p. 429. 23 January 1900.
  3. The London Gazette: no. 27441. p. 3752. 10 June 1902.
  4. The London Gazette: no. 38660. p. 3345. 8 July 1949.
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Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Alexander Hore-Ruthven
Governor of South Australia
Succeeded by
Sir Malcolm Barclay-Harvey
Preceded by
The Lord Huntingfield
Governor of Victoria
Succeeded by
Sir Dallas Brooks
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Dugan of Victoria
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