William Wilkins (U.S. politician)

For other people named William Wilkins, see William Wilkins (disambiguation).
William Wilkins
19th United States Secretary of War
In office
February 15, 1844  March 4, 1845
President John Tyler
Preceded by James Madison Porter
Succeeded by William L. Marcy
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 21st district
In office
March 4, 1843  February 14, 1844
Preceded by Thomas M.T. McKennan
Succeeded by Cornelius Darragh
United States Senator
from Pennsylvania
In office
March 4, 1831  June 30, 1834
Preceded by William Marks
Succeeded by James Buchanan
Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania
In office
May 12, 1824  April 14, 1831
Appointed by James Monroe
Preceded by Jonathan Hoge Walker
Succeeded by Thomas Irwin
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born (1779-12-20)December 20, 1779
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died June 23, 1865(1865-06-23) (aged 85)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Pittsburgh Academy
Dickinson College
Profession Lawyer, Judge, Politician

William Wilkins (December 20, 1779  June 23, 1865) was an American lawyer, jurist, and politician from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. During his career, he served in both houses of the Pennsylvania State Legislature, and in all three branches of the United States federal government, including service as a United States federal judge, as a member of both the House and Senate, and as a cabinet member.

Early life, education, and career

William Wilkins was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania on December 20, 1779. He attended the Pittsburgh Academy, the forerunner of the University of Pittsburgh,[1] read law in 1801 and graduated from Dickinson College in 1802. He was in private practice in Pittsburgh from 1801 to 1806, then in Lexington, Kentucky from 1806 to 1807, and again in Pittsburgh from 1808 to 1815. He was President, Pittsburgh City Council from 1816 to 1819. He was a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from 1819 to 1820.

Judicial service

Wilkins became a judge of the Fifth Judicial District of Pennsylvania in 1820, serving until 1824. On May 10, 1824, Wilkins was nominated by President James Monroe to a seat on the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania vacated by Jonathan Hoge Walker. Wilkins was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 12, 1824, and received his commission the same day. He resigned on April 14, 1831, to begin his own term of service in the United States Senate.

Career in national politics

A Jacksonian, he was a United States Senator from Pennsylvania from 1831 to 1834. In the election of 1832, Wilkins received 30 electoral votes from Pennsylvania for the Vice Presidency (the other 189 votes went to the official party nominee, Martin Van Buren).

From 1834 to 1835 Wilkins was Minister to Russia.

After returning to private practice in Pittsburgh from 1836 to 1842, he was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1843 until resigning in 1844. He resigned to accept appointment as U.S. Secretary of War under President John Tyler.

Later life

In 1845, Willkins returned to the private practice of law in Pittsburgh. He was a member of the Pennsylvania State Senate from 1855 to 1857, and was in private practice of law in Pittsburgh until his death, in 1865. Wilkins died in 1865 in Homewood, near Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pa, and was buried in the Homewood Cemetery there. Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania is named after him. His brother John Wilkins, Jr. served as a Major General in the United States Army. His nephew, Ross Wilkins, was a notable jurist in Michigan.

Wilkins is the namesake of Wilkins Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania,[2] while the town of Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania is named after his aforementioned brother.


  1. Starrett, Agnes Lynch (1937). Through one hundred and fifty years: the University of Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 45. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  2. Porter, Thomas J. Jr. (May 10, 1984). "Town names carry a little bit of history". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 1. Retrieved 26 May 2015.


Legal offices
Preceded by
Jonathan Hoge Walker
Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Thomas Irwin
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
James S. Stevenson
Robert Orr, Jr.
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district

1829 (resigned before qualifying)
Succeeded by
Harmar Denny
Preceded by
Thomas M. T. McKennan
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 21st congressional district

Succeeded by
Cornelius Darragh
United States Senate
Preceded by
William Marks
U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
Served alongside: Isaac D. Barnard, George M. Dallas, Samuel McKean
Succeeded by
James Buchanan
Political offices
Preceded by
James Madison Porter
U.S. Secretary of War
Served under: John Tyler

Succeeded by
William L. Marcy
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Littleton Tazewell
Oldest living U.S. Senator
May 6, 1860 June 23, 1865
Succeeded by
Henry Dodge
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