William Vane, 3rd Duke of Cleveland

William John Frederick Vane, 3rd Duke of Cleveland (3 April 1792 6 September 1864), styled The Hon. William Vane from 1792 to 1813, The Hon. William Powlett from 1813 to 1827 and Lord William Powlett from 1827 to 1864, was a British politician.

Vane was the son of William Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland and his first wife, Katherine, the second daughter and coheiress of Harry Powlett, 6th Duke of Bolton. He was Member of Parliament for Winchelsea from 1812 to 1815, for County Durham from 1815 to 1831, for St Ives from 1846 to 1852, and for Ludlow from 1852 to 1857. On 3 July 1815 at St James's Church, Piccadilly, he married Lady Grace Caroline Lowther (17921883), the fifth daughter of William Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale.

After inheriting the estate of his maternal grandmother, the Dowager Duchess of Bolton in 1809, he changed his surname to Powlett, under the terms of her will, by Royal Licence in 1813. On inheriting the dukedom of Cleveland from his childless brother Henry in 1864, he resumed the surname of Vane. Also dying childless a few months later, his titles passed to his younger brother, Harry, who took the name of Powlett shortly after. Late in life, he lived at Harewood House, at Cheapside, in Berkshire.


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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Oswald Mosley, Bt
Calverley Bewicke
Member of Parliament for Winchelsea
With: Calverley Bewicke
Succeeded by
Henry Brougham
Calverley Bewicke
Preceded by
Viscount Barnard
John George Lambton
Member of Parliament for County Durham
With: John George Lambton 1815–1828
William Russell 1828–1831
Succeeded by
Sir Hedworth Williamson, Bt
William Russell
Preceded by
William Tyringham Praed
Member of Parliament for St Ives
Succeeded by
Robert Laffan
Preceded by
Henry Salwey
Henry Bayley Clive
Member of Parliament for Ludlow
With: Robert Windsor Clive 1852–1854
Percy Egerton Herbert 1854–1857
Succeeded by
Beriah Botfield
Percy Egerton Herbert
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Vane
Duke of Cleveland
Succeeded by
Harry Vane
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