William Smith (composer)
William Smith (c.27 March 1603 – April 1645) was an English composer from the city of Durham. He is chiefly known for his set of choral preces and responses for the Anglican liturgy of Evening Prayer.
William Smith was a Minor Canon during the time Richard Hutcheson was organist at Durham Cathedral.
In addition to the well known Preces and Responses, Smith composed seven verse anthems, five festal psalms, two communion services, and a Kyrie ‘10: severall wayes’.
Additionally there are two organ fantasias in Smith's handwriting at the back of an organ book in the Durham Cathedral library. The first may be by Smith, although his name or initials do not appear in the score, but the second is of poorer quality and is unlikely to be by Smith himself.
Smith's anthems employ the prevalent device of imitative verse sections, and exhibit his predilection for lengthy verse sections and short choruses. For example, in 'Almighty and everlasting God', a concise and effective setting of the text of the Collect for the Purification, the first chorus lasts a total of just eight minim beats. Smith took this verse/chorus proportion to its extreme in his Second Creed which is entirely a verse setting apart from the final ‘amen’.
- Smith's date of birth is not recorded but he was baptised on 3 April 1603 and contemporary practice makes it likely he was born around seven days earlier and very unlikely to be more
- Smith's date of death is not recorded but he was buried on 21 April 1645
- Smith, William (2003). Cannell, John, ed. Preces, Festal Psalms, and Verse Anthems. Recent researches in the music of the Renaissance. Volume 135. A-R Editions, Inc. ISBN 0-895795-25-6.
- Hird, Richard. "The succession of organists at Durham Cathedral". Duresme. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
- Anderson, Simon (1996). "Durham Commissions PRCD562". Durham Cathedral Choir Association. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- Free scores by William Smith (composer) in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
- Score for Smith's Preces and Responses
- Free scores by William Smith at the International Music Score Library Project