William Neville Hart

William Neville Hart (27 December 1741 in St James's Palace, London – 23 October 1804, Inveraray Castle, Scotland) was a British banker, politician and diplomat. He was born to Denise Gougeon, the wife of Lewis Augustus Blondeau. His mother was the Under Housekeeper or Mistress of the King's Household, a position she was to hold for more than fifty years.[1] His father held various positions at Court including that of Gentleman Usher to King George II.[2]


Following the death of his father, and the remarriage of his mother to Sir William Hart Kt., a banker and Sheriff of London, William Neville Blondeau took the surname of Hart by private act of Parliament of 22 March 1765.[3][4] Hart had married firstly on 7 January 1765 Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Cæsar Hawkins, 1st Baronet (1711–1786), serjeant-surgeon to the King, and grandfather of Caesar Hawkins, in turn serjeant-surgeon to Queen Victoria. Elizabeth, unfortunately, died on 30 October 1766 s.p.

He married secondly Elizabeth Aspinwall. Her father was Stanhope Aspinwall, who on his mother's side, was a great great-grandson of Philip Stanhope, 1st Earl of Chesterfield.[5] Aspinwall was a diplomat who had served in Constantinople and Algiers and at the time of his death in 1771 was Secretary to Earl Harcourt, Ambassador to France. Aspinwall's wife was named Magdalena, but little else appears to be known of her.[6]

Career in England

Hart entered the banking firm of Blackwell, Hart, Darrell, and Croft, of Pall Mall. Hart entered the House of Commons for Stafford on 12 April 1770, apparently without opposition, on what interest it is not known.[7] He took the degree of D.C.L. from Oxford University in 1772. In the House of Commons, Hart made seven speeches, one notably on the proposed, Royal Marriages Act 1772; he spoke for the Court. Another dealt with the appointment of Oliver over the printer's case. He did not stand in 1774.

The Continent

After leaving Parliament in 1774, Hart travelled extensively on the Continent, France, Italy, Germany and the northern courts. He went to Poland where he became Chamberlain to Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski, the last king of Poland. On 27 December 1794, Hart was created knight of the Order of Saint Stanislaus. King Stanislaus also conferred on him the Order of the White Eagle.[8]

Back in England

Hart returned to England the following year and in October received a letter from the Duke of Portland to the effect that King George III had authorised him wear the Orders given to him. Even though he was thereafter called Sir William Neville Hart, it is not clear whether the King's authorisatiom went as far as that. He also had the honour of kissing the hands of both the King and of Queen Charlotte as a mark of special favour.[9] While on the Continent, Hart had kept extensive journals, but they were destroyed with other possessions in the 1802 fire at Roseneath Castle, the seat of the Duke of Argyll.


Hart's second wife, the daughter of Stanhope Aspinwall, apparently had died in 1783 and, according to The Gentleman's Magazine, at St Bemain de Colboe, Normandy.[10] It is possible that it was in fact St-Romain-de-Colbosc in Normandy.

The death certificate of Hart's wife, Elizabeth Aspinwall, can be found in the Archives of Seine Maritime. She died on 12 October 1783 in Gommerville, Seine Maritime, Normandy, where she was living at the time. She was in the 38th year of her life and died of a fever.;[11] her tombstone can be seen in the park around the castle of Filières with the eptaph : ici repose sous la garde de l'amitié Elisabeth Aspinwal mariée à Guillaume Nevil Hart membre du parlement d'Angleterre morte à 34 ans le 12 octobre 1783 également distinguée par son esprit et sa beauté des Français ont élevé ce monument à la mémoire de cette angloise ; a painting of Elisabeth Aspinwal can be seen in the castle of Filières

On 23 October 1804, Hart died at Inveraray Castle, owned by the Duke of Argyll,

Children and issue

Hart and Elizabeth, the daughter of Stanhope Aspinwall, had two sons and four daughters:[12]-

A third son with Elisabeth Aspinwall, Francis, not identified above, was buried in Gommerville, Seine Maritime, France on 25 August 1779 aged about 3 years old. In the Parish records it states of the father "Guillaume Nevil' Hart gentilhomme anglois et Cy devant membre du parlement d'angleterre..." The mother is recorded as Elisabeth Aspinwall and their religion "religion pretendue reformee" – Protestants.[17]



  1. Denise Blondeau, wife of Lewis Augustus Blondeau
  2. Denise Blondeau and Lewis Augustus Blondeau
  3. 1765 c. 17: William Neville Blondeau (and issue): change of name to Hart
  4. Deed Poll Office: Private Act of Parliament 1765 (5 Geo. 3). c. 17
  5. Letters of Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield, edited by Lord Mahon:Volume II; London; Richard Bentley 1847; Note at the bottom of page 261
  6. Will of Stanhope Aspinwall dated 14 April 1747, proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 21 May 1771
  7. The History of Parliament-online 1754–1790; Hart, William Neville (1741–1804), of Westminster
  8. An Accurate Historical Account of All The Orders of Knighthood at Present Existing in Europe; Hanson, Levett (1802). pp. 106 and 107
  9. An accurate historical account of all the orders of knighthood at present by Levett Hanson: Sir William Neville Hart: pp. 106 and 107
  10. The Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Chronicle : Volume 53, 1783, 2nd Part, Dec. p.1064, Deaths (third death) – the lady of Wm. Neville Hart
  11. Page 124, 1762 – 1788 Protestants (Montivilliers Comté et Haute-Justice), http://recherche.archivesdepartementales76.net
  12. Oxford Journals: Notes and Queries: Sir William Neville Hart and his Descendants; Frederick Copland-Griffiths; 10 S. X. 3 Oct.. 1908 pp. 263 and 264
  13. Household of Queen Charlotte 1761–1818: Surgeon to Household: 1792 Griffiths, John
  14. George Richard Griffiths: Australian Dictionary of Biography – online edition
  15. George Neville Griffiths: Parliament of New South Walws – former members
  16. Burke's Landed Gentry; 17th Edition 1952; under Copland-Griffiths of Potterne; NOTE at bottom of 2nd column p.1082, and page 1083, right hand column – 4. Charles, Lt.-Gen
  17. Page 62 – 63, 1775 – 1780 Gommerville, http://recherche.archivesdepartementales76.net.>
  18. The House of Commons, 1754–1790; edited by Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke; History of Parliament Trust pp. 591 and 592
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
3rd Viscount Chetwynd
Richard Whitworth
Member of Parliament for Stafford
With: Richard Whitworth
Succeeded by
Hugo Meynell
Richard Whitworth
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 8/13/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.