William Lewis (scientist)
William Lewis FRS (c1708 – 1781) was an English chemist and physician. He is known for his writings related to pharmacy and medicine, and for his research into metals.
Life and work
William Lewis, the son of John (William?) Lewis, a brewer, was born in Richmond, Surrey. He matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford on 17 March 1730. He was graduated B.A. in 1734, and proceeded M.A. 1737, M.B. 1741, and M.D. 1745. He practiced as a physician, and in 1746 was living in Dover Street, London, but shortly afterwards moved to Kingston upon Thames. At the opening of the Radcliffe Library in 1749, Lewis delivered the oration. He died in Kingston, Surrey on 21 January 1781 and was buried in Richmond.
- A Course of Practical Chemistry, London, 1746, 8vo.
- Pharmacopœia Edinburgensis, London, 1748, 8vo.
- The New Dispensatory, London, 1753, Digital edition 8vo, Edinburgh, 1781 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf, 1791.
- Experimental History of the Materia Medica, London, 1761 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf; 3rd edit, by J. Aiken, 1784; German translation,1771.
- Willhelm Lewis Materia medica oder Beschreibung der einfachen Arzneymittel . Orell, Geßner, Füeßlin & Co., Zürich 1771 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
- Commercium Philosophico-Technicum, London, 1763–1766, 4to.
- Neues verbessertes Dispensatorium oder Arzneybuch, in welchem alles, was zu der Apothekerkunst gehöret, nach den Londoner und Edinburger Pharmacopeen mit practischen Wahrnehmungen und Bemerkungen vorgetragen wird ; aus dem Engländischen übersetzet. Brandt, Hamburg 2 Bände 1768/1772 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
- The new dispensatory : containing 1. The elements of pharmacy, 2. The materia medica, or an account of the substances employed in medicine, 3. The preparations and compositions of the new London and Edinburgh pharmacopoeias ; the whole interspersed with practical cautions and observations . F. Wingrave, London 6th ed. 1799 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
Lewis also published translations of Caspar Neumann's chemical works in 1759, and (posthumously) of Hoffman's System of the Practice of Medicine (1783). Two papers by him on platinum appeared in the Philosophical Transactions for 1754 and 1767. In 1767 the Society for the Improvement of Arts, Manufactures, &c., of which he was a founder, awarded him a gold medal for an essay upon 'potashes'.
- Main reference: Lee, Sidney, ed. (1893). "Lewis, William (1714-1781)". Dictionary of National Biography. 33. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Gibbs, F. W. (1963). "William Lewis and Platina: Bicentenary of the Commercium Philosophico-Technicum". Platinum Metals Review. 7 (2): 66–69.
- Jungnickel, Christa; McCormmach, Russell (1996). Cavendish. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society. p. 150. ISBN 0-87169-220-1.