William Bross

William J. Bross
16th Lieutenant Governor of Illinois
In office
January 16, 1865  January 11, 1869
Governor Richard J. Oglesby
Preceded by Francis Hoffmann
Succeeded by John Dougherty
Personal details
Born November 4, 1813
Sussex County, New Jersey
Died January 27, 1890(1890-01-27) (aged 76)
Chicago, Illinois
Political party Republican
Children Jessie Bross Lloyd
Alma mater Williams College
Profession newspaper editor

William J. Bross (November 4, 1813 – January 27, 1890) was an American politician and publisher originally from the New Jersey–New York–Pennsylvania tri-state area. He was also the 16th Lieutenant Governor of Illinois. He engaged in the lumber trade with his father before attending Williams College. He taught at schools for ten years, then headed west to Chicago, Illinois. He engaged in book-selling and publishing interests before co-founding the successful Democratic Press paper. Following the organization of the Republican Party in 1854, he became a staunch supporter of its political candidates. His support for Abraham Lincoln helped win him support for a bid as Lieutenant Governor. In 1865, he accompanied future Vice President of the United States Schuyler Colfax on a trip west to California, later publishing a book about the excursion.


William Bross was born on November 4, 1813, in northwest Sussex County, New Jersey. He was the eldest of eleven children of Deacon Moses Bross and Jane Winfield Bross. He was the eldest because he was born a few minutes before his twin Stephen Decatur Bross. When he was nine, William moved with his family to Milford, Pennsylvania in anticipation of the construction of the Delaware and Hudson Canal. He helped his father furnish lumber for the canal near Shohola. In 1832, he enlisted at Milford Academy, then attended Williams College, rooming with his twin brother. William Bross was one of the founding members of The Social Fraternity at Williams, forerunner to Delta Upsilon. Shortly after graduating in 1838, he became the principal of Ridgebury Academy in Ridgebury, New York. In 1843, he began to teach at a school in Chester, Pennsylvania, teaching for another five years. Starting in 1846, Bross took trips west to identify a better place to settle. He decided on the emerging city of Chicago, Illinois, arriving on May 12, 1848.[1]

Bross quickly formed a partnership with S. C. Griggs and the Newman & Co. publishing house, opening the book-selling firm of Griggs, Bross & Co. The partnership dissolved eighteen months later. In the autumn of 1849, Bross co-published the Prairie Herald, a religious newspaper, with Rev. J. A. Wright. Bross first achieved prosperity in 1852 when he teamed with Chicago postmaster John L. Scripps to start the Democratic Press. The paper espoused Democratic viewpoints, but was generally conservative regarding slavery, notably opposing Stephen A. Douglas' Missouri Compromise. When the Republican Party formed in 1854, Bross became a public speaker on behalf of the cause. He gave the first public endorsement of John C. Frémont for President in the West, speaking at Dearborn Park the night he was nominated. Bross then went on a tour of southern Illinois, generally a pro-slavery area, to extoll the virtues of Frémont.[1] While at the former State House in Vandalia, Illinois, he became acquainted with fellow Frémont campaigner Abraham Lincoln and the two would often speak at the same engagements.[2]

In 1855, Bross was elected to the Chicago City Council, serving for two years. The Democratic Press struggled to overcome the Panic of 1857. On July 1, 1858, the paper was merged into the Tribune, creating The Press and Tribune. Bross advocated for Abraham Lincoln for President following his nomination. Following the outbreak of the Civil War, Bross helped to raise the 29th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry. It was commanded by his brother, Col. John A. Bross, who was killed during the Siege of Petersburg on July 30, 1864.[1]

Bross' support of Lincoln helped him to receive nomination as the Republican candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Illinois under Richard J. Oglesby. He traveled with Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Schuyler Colfax in 1865 to examine the path west to California. He then traveled to Europe with his daughter in 1867.[1]

Personal life

Bross married Mary Jane Jansen, the daughter of Dr. John T. Jansen, in 1839. They had four sons and four daughters, but only one child survived to adulthood.[1] Daughter Jessie Bross married muckraking journalist Henry Demarest Lloyd. Grandson William Bross Lloyd was a founding members of the Communist Labor Party of America. In 1879, Bross established the Bross Foundation at Lake Forest University in memory of his son Nathaniel. He donated $40,000 to invest over ten years to buy literature "on the connection, relation, and mutual bearing of any practical science, the history of our race, or the facts in any department of knowledge, with and upon the Christian Religion." University trustees offered $6,000 as a prize to one who would author a book best fulfilling these conditions; it was won by James Orr of United Free Church College for Problems of the Old Testament Considered with Reference to Recent Criticism. The fund also provided the university with the ability to invite lecturers, including Francis Landey Patton, Marcus Dods, John Arthur Thomson, Frederick J. Bliss, and Josiah Royce.[3]

Bross died in Chicago on January 27, 1890 and was buried in Rosehill Cemetery.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Biographical Sketches of the Leading Men of Chicago. Chicago, IL: Wilson & St. Clair. 1868. pp. 36–46.
  2. Abraham Lincoln: Biographies. Golgoltha Press. 2010. p. 170. ISBN 9781610420006.
  3. Royce, Josiah (1912). The Sources of Religious Insight. Edinburgh, Scotland: T. & T. Clark. pp. v–viii.
Political offices
Preceded by
Francis Hoffmann
Lieutenant Governor of Illinois
Succeeded by
John Dougherty
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