Willem van de Velde the Younger

Willem van de Velde the Younger

Portrait of Van de Velde in 1672 by Lodewijk van der Helst
Born Baptized (1633-12-18)18 December 1633
Died 6 April 1707(1707-04-06) (aged 73)
Nationality Dutch
Known for Marine painting

Willem van de Velde the Younger (bapt. 18 December 1633; died 6 April 1707) was a Dutch marine painter.


Willem van de Velde was baptised on 18 December 1633 in Leiden, Holland, Dutch Republic.

A son of Willem van de Velde the Elder, also a painter of sea-pieces, Willem van de Velde, the younger, was instructed by his father, and afterwards by Simon de Vlieger, a marine painter of repute at the time, and had achieved great celebrity by his art before he came to London. By 1673 he had moved to England, where he was engaged by Charles II, at a salary of £100, to aid his father in "taking and making draughts of sea-fights", his part of the work being to reproduce in color the drawings of the elder Van de Velde. He was also patronized by the Duke of York and by various members of the nobility.[1]

He died on 6 April 1707 in London, England,[1] and was buried at St. James's Church.


Dutch men-o'-war and other shipping in a calm. c. 1665
The pendants The cannon shot and The gust (c. 1680), in the collection of the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam

Most of Van de Velde's finest works represent views off the coast of Holland, with Dutch shipping. His best productions are delicate, spirited and finished in handling, and correct in the drawing of the vessels and their rigging. The numerous figures are tellingly introduced, and the artist is successful in his renderings of sea, whether in calm or storm.[1] The ships are portrayed with almost photographic accuracy, and are the most precise guides available to the appearance of 17th-century ships.

There are a number of van de Velde's marine paintings in the Wallace Collection, London, including "The Embarkation of King Charles II at Scheveningen, 1660".


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