White Mill, Sandwich

White Mill, Sandwich
Mill name White Mill
Mill location Ash Road, Sandwich, Kent
Operator(s) The White Mill Museum Trust Ltd
Year built 1760
Purpose Corn mill
Type Smock mill
Storeys Three-storey smock
Base storeys Single-storey base
Smock sides Eight-sided
Number of sails Four
Type of sails Spring Sails
Windshaft Cast iron
Winding Fantail
Fantail blades Six bladed
Auxiliary power Engine
Number of pairs of millstones Two pairs driven by wind, third pair driven by engine

White Mill is a smock mill west of Sandwich, Kent, England that was built in 1760. The mill has been restored and is open to the public as part of the White Mill Rural Heritage Centre. The museum also includes the miller's cottage, which has been furnished to appear as it did between 1900 and 1939. Other displays in the outbuildings include farming and craft tools, wheelwright and blacksmith workshops.


White Mill was built in 1760. It was marked on Andrews, Drury and Herbert's map of 1769 and the 1819–43 Ordnance Survey map. The mill was worked by the Stanley family for many years.[1] The mill was last powered by wind in 1926.[2] From then until 1957[3] it was being powered by a 28-horsepower (21 kW) oil engine.

The mill was repaired in the 1960s by Vincent Pargeter before he became a professional millwright. A pair of sails from the demolished Tower mill at Wingham was erected on the mill. The work was initially financed by Pargeter himself but in 1964, the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings gave a grant for the purchase of materials to repair the mill. The mill was acquired by Sandwich Borough Council in 1968, and later passed into the ownership of Kent County Council.[2]


For a description of the machinery, see Mill machinery.

White Mill is a three-storey smock mill on a single-storey brick base. It has four spring sails. The mill is winded by a fantail.[1] The mill drives two pairs of millstones by wind, and a third pair is driven by an engine. Much of the machinery is made of wood, including the brake wheel, wallower,[2] great spur wheel, and stone nuts. The millstones are overdrift.[4]


References for above:-[1][2]

See also


  1. 1 2 3 Finch, William Coles (1933). Watermills and Windmills. London: C W Daniel Company. pp. 271–72.
  2. 1 2 3 4 West, Jenny (1973). The Windmills of Kent. London: Charles Skilton Ltd. pp. 68–71. ISBN 0-284-98534-1.
  3. "Welcome to White Mill Rural Heritage Centre". White Mill Rural Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
  4. "White Mill: The Windmill & Machinery". The Mills White Mill Rural Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2008-04-19.

Coordinates: 51°16′46″N 1°19′41″E / 51.27944°N 1.32806°E / 51.27944; 1.32806

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