French: Alpes occidentales |
Italian: Alpi occidentali
Mont Blanc, the highest summit of the Western Alps
|Elevation||4,810 m (15,780 ft)|
|Coordinates||45°50′01″N 06°51′54″E / 45.83361°N 6.86500°ECoordinates: 45°50′01″N 06°51′54″E / 45.83361°N 6.86500°E|
|Length||300 km (190 mi)|
|Width||150 to 185 km (93 to 115 mi)|
The Western Alps from space
|Countries||Monaco, France, Italy and Switzerland|
The name Western Alps refers to the western part of the Alpine range. The term has different meanings according to the classification of the Alps in use. The peaks and mountain passes are higher compared to the Eastern Alps, while the range itself is not so broad and more arched.
The Western Alps include the south-eastern part of France (i.e. Savoie), whole Monaco, the north-western part of Italy and the south-western part of Switzerland (i.e. Valais). While in the south-east the range is bound by the Italian Padan Plain, in the east the valley of the Rhone river separates it from the Massif Central. The northernmost part of Western Alps - in the wide meaning of the term - is formed by the Swiss Prealps sub-range.
Partizione delle Alpi
In the Partizione delle Alpi (in English literally Partition of the Alps), adopted by the Italian Comitato Geografico Nazionale (National Geographic Committee) in 1926 following the IX Congresso Geografico Italiano (Italian Geographic Congress), the Alpine range is divided into three main parts: Western, Central and Eastern Alps.
The Partizione delle Alpi divides the Western Alps into the following eight sections (in brackets the section number):
- Italian official cartography (Istituto Geografico Militare - IGM); on-line version: www.pcn.minambiente.it
- French official cartography (Institut Géographique National - IGN); on-line version: www.geoportail.fr
- Swiss official cartography (Swiss Federal Office of Topography - Swisstopo); on-line version: map.geo.admin.ch
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