Warsaw Voivodeship (1919–39)

This article is about the interbellum. For other uses, see Warsaw Voivodeship.
Warsaw Voivodeship
Województwo warszawskie
Voivodeship of Poland


Coat of arms

Warsaw Voivodeship (red) on the map of Second Polish Republic
Capital Warsaw
Government Voivodeship
  1919-1927 Władysław Sołtan
  1938-1939 Jerzy Paciorkowski
Historical era Interwar period
  Established 14 August 1919
  Territorial changes 1 April 1938
  Annexed by Germany September 1939
  1921 29,342 km2 (11,329 sq mi)
  1939 31,656 km2 (12,222 sq mi)
  1921 2,112,798 
Density 72 /km2  (186.5 /sq mi)
  1931 2,460,900 
Political subdivisions 22 powiats, 53 cities

Warsaw Voivodeship (Polish: województwo warszawskie) was a voivodeship of Poland in the years 1919–1939. Its capital and biggest city was Warsaw.

Location and area

In the years 1919–1939, Warsaw Voivodeship covered north-central part of Poland, bordering East Prussia to the north, Pomorze Voivodeship and Łódź Voivodeship to the west, Kielce Voivodeship to the south and both Lublin Voivodeship and Białystok Voivodeship to the east. Its area, after April 1, 1938, was 31 656 km² (see: Territorial changes of Polish Voivodeships on April 1, 1938). The landscape was flat. Forests covered only 11.4% of the area, compared to the national average of 22.2%, as of January 1, 1937.


According to the 1931 Polish census, the population was 2 460 900. Poles made up 88.3% of population, Jews - 9.7% and Germans - 1.6%. The Jews and the Germans preferred to live in the cities and towns, especially in Warsaw itself. In Warsaw, in 1931, only 70.7% of population was Polish, with 28.3% Jews. In the whole Voivodeship, 21.8% of the population was illiterate as of 1931.


The Voivodeship's biggest industrial center was the city of Warsaw, together with towns in its suburbs (Żyrardów, Pruszków, Piaseczno). Warsaw was one of key centers of Polish industry, with numerous factories of various kinds. It was also the biggest city of the country. The Voivodeship's railroad density was 5.2 km. per 100 km² (with total length of railroads 1 548 km.)l

Cities and administrative divisions

Warsaw Voivodeship in mid-1939 consisted of 22 powiats (counties), 53 cities and towns and 293 villages. The counties were:

The city of Warsaw, with the area of 141 km² (134 km² of built-up area plus 7 km² of the Vistula river) and population of 1 179 500 (as of 1931) was considered a separate unit, just like any other Voivodeship. It was divided into 4 counties. These were:

The biggest cities of the Voivodeship were (population according to the 1931 Polish census):


See also


Coordinates: 52°15′02″N 21°00′37″E / 52.250466°N 21.010144°E / 52.250466; 21.010144

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