Walther Meissner

Fritz Walther Meissner
Born (1882-12-16)December 16, 1882
Berlin, German Empire
Died November 16, 1974(1974-11-16) (aged 91)
Munich, West Germany
Residence Germany
Nationality German
Fields Physicist
Institutions Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt
Technical University of Munich
Alma mater Technical University of Munich
Doctoral advisor Max Planck
Known for Meissner effect

Fritz Walther Meissner (German: Meißner) (December 16, 1882 November 16, 1974) was a German technical physicist.[1]

Meissner was born in Berlin to Waldemar Meissner and Johanna Greger. He studied mechanical engineering and physics at the Technical University of Berlin, his doctoral supervisor being Max Planck. He then entered the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt in Berlin. From 1922 to 1925, he established the world's third largest helium-liquifier, and discovered in 1933 the Meissner effect,[2] damping of the magnetic field in superconductors. One year later, he was called as chair in technical physics at the Technical University of Munich.

After World War II, he became the president of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities. In 1946, he was appointed director of the academy's first low temperature research commission. Laboratories were located in Herrsching am Ammersee until 1965, when they were moved to Garching. Meißner lived alone with his two dogs for the last several years of his life. Meißner died in Munich in 1974.


  1. Brickwedde, F. G. (February 1975). "Walther Meissner". Physics Today. 28 (2): 84–85. Bibcode:1975PhT....28b..84B. doi:10.1063/1.3068853.
  2. Walther Meißner and R. Ochsenfeld, Naturwissenschaften V21, p. 787 (1933).
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