Coat of arms

Location of Vyshnivets

Coordinates: 49°54′00″N 25°44′00″E / 49.90000°N 25.73333°E / 49.90000; 25.73333Coordinates: 49°54′00″N 25°44′00″E / 49.90000°N 25.73333°E / 49.90000; 25.73333
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Ternopil Oblast
Raion Zbarazh Raion
Founded 1395
Town status 1960
  Total 6 km2 (2 sq mi)
Population (1994)
  Total 3,469
  Density 555/km2 (1,440/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 47313
Area code(s) +380
Website gska2.rada.gov.ua:7777/pls/z7502/A005?rdat1=10.03.2007&rf7571=30897

Vyshnivets (Ukrainian: Вишнівець, translit. Vyshnivets’; Polish: Wiśniowiec), formerly known as Wiśniowiec, is an urban-type settlement in the Zbarazkyi Raion (district) of the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine.


Early History, to 1939

The area was first settled in 1395, when the first defensive castle was constructed by Dmytro Korybut,who had acquired the land from Prince Vitovt[1]

The town is located on the Horyn River, a right tributary of the Prypiat. Before World War II the village was located in Poland.

The town served as a family seat of the Polish princely Wiśniowiecki family, as of the 15th century, and received its name from the family. The town was noted for its extensive cherry orchards.[2] In the mid-1500s, one of the family's descendants, Dmytro Vyshnevetsky (1516-1563), was distinguished by his service to Ivan the Terrible. His grandson, Jeremi Wiśniowiecki, also known as Yarema Vyshnevetsky (1612-1651) was also a distinguished military commander. During the time of the leadership of Princes Michael and Valusah Wiśniowiecki, as of 1674, the town was on the verge of becoming a Russian capital.[2]

Architectural landmarks in the town include a 15th-century castle; and palace and park, constructed in the 18th century by the Vyshnevetskyi family.


The town is historically associated with the Holocaust. Prior to the commencement of World War II, approximately 5,000 persons of Jewish faith were residents of the town.[2] The town was directly in the path of the German invasion of Russia in June 1941, following the repudiation by Germany of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact.[2]

On August 11–12, 1942, German troops and Ukrainian Auxiliary Police executed nearly 2,700 Jewish men, women and children. Of those executed, approximately 900 were children.[3] It is estimated that less than 100 of the town residents of Jewish faith ultimately survived the Holocaust.[2]


In 1960, Vyshnivets was changed from the status of a village, to that of an Urban-type settlement. The population of the town was 3,469 as of 1994.

See also


  1. Uncredited, Vyshnivets; baltia.com. Retrieved 2016-09-09.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Louis Parnes, The Vanishing Generations (1954), as extracted by Arlene Parnes,Vishnevets. JewishGen, KehilaLinks. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
  3. Martin Dean, German Ghettoization in Occuplied Ukraine: Regional Patterns and Sources. Paper presented at The Holocaust in Ukraine: New Sources and Perspectives. Centre for Advanced Holocaust Studies, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2013. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
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