Location of Vyshnivets
|Coordinates: 49°54′00″N 25°44′00″E / 49.90000°N 25.73333°ECoordinates: 49°54′00″N 25°44′00″E / 49.90000°N 25.73333°E|
|• Total||6 km2 (2 sq mi)|
|• Density||555/km2 (1,440/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Vyshnivets (Ukrainian: Вишнівець, translit. Vyshnivets’; Polish: Wiśniowiec), formerly known as Wiśniowiec, is an urban-type settlement in the Zbarazkyi Raion (district) of the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine.
Early History, to 1939
The town served as a family seat of the Polish princely Wiśniowiecki family, as of the 15th century, and received its name from the family. The town was noted for its extensive cherry orchards. In the mid-1500s, one of the family's descendants, Dmytro Vyshnevetsky (1516-1563), was distinguished by his service to Ivan the Terrible. His grandson, Jeremi Wiśniowiecki, also known as Yarema Vyshnevetsky (1612-1651) was also a distinguished military commander. During the time of the leadership of Princes Michael and Valusah Wiśniowiecki, as of 1674, the town was on the verge of becoming a Russian capital.
The town is historically associated with the Holocaust. Prior to the commencement of World War II, approximately 5,000 persons of Jewish faith were residents of the town. The town was directly in the path of the German invasion of Russia in June 1941, following the repudiation by Germany of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact.
On August 11–12, 1942, German troops and Ukrainian Auxiliary Police executed nearly 2,700 Jewish men, women and children. Of those executed, approximately 900 were children. It is estimated that less than 100 of the town residents of Jewish faith ultimately survived the Holocaust.
- The Wiśniowiecki family palace.
- Rear view of the Wiśniowiecki family palace.
- The Voskresenska Church of the town.
- Uncredited, Vyshnivets; baltia.com. Retrieved 2016-09-09.
- Louis Parnes, The Vanishing Generations (1954), as extracted by Arlene Parnes,Vishnevets. JewishGen, KehilaLinks. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
- Martin Dean, German Ghettoization in Occuplied Ukraine: Regional Patterns and Sources. Paper presented at The Holocaust in Ukraine: New Sources and Perspectives. Centre for Advanced Holocaust Studies, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2013. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
- ShtetLinks - Vishnevets at JewishGen
- "Urban-type settlement of Vyshnivets". Verkhovna Rada (in Ukrainian). Retrieved March 30, 2007.
- "Vyshnivets". Castles.com (in Ukrainian). Retrieved March 30, 2007.
- "Vyshnivets: Truth and myths of the kniaz Vyshnevetsky family". Den (Day) (in Ukrainian). September 30, 2005. Retrieved March 30, 2007.
- "Vyshnivets". Ternopilska Torhovo-Promyslova Palata (in Ukrainian). Retrieved March 30, 2007.
- Klymenko, Serhiy. "Photo excursion around Vyshnovets". klymenko.data-tec.net (in Ukrainian). Retrieved March 30, 2007.
- Vlasenko, Petro. "Vyshnivets, Ternopilska Oblast". ua.vlasenko.net (in Russian). Retrieved March 30, 2007.