Verticillium theobromae culture
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
(Anamorphic Hypocreales)
Class: Incertae sedis
Family: Plectosphaerellaceae
Genus: Verticillium
Nees (1816)
Type species
Verticillium tenerum
Nees (1913)

See text

Verticillium is a genus of fungi in the division Ascomycota, and are an anamorphic form of the family Plectosphaerellaceae. The genus used to include diverse groups comprising saprobes and parasites of higher plants, insects, nematodes, mollusc eggs, and other fungi, thus the genus used to have a wide-ranging group of taxa characterised by simple but ill-defined characters. The genus, currently thought to contain 51 species,[1] may be broadly divided into three ecologically based groups - mycopathogens, entomopathogens,[2] and plant pathogens and related saprotrophs.[3] However, the genus has undergone recent revision into which most entomopathogenic and mycopathogenic isolates fall into a new group called Lecanicillium. The genus now includes the plant-pathogenic species V. dahliae, V. longisporum, V. albo-atrum, V. nubilum, and V. tricorpus.

The better-known species of Verticillium are V. dahliae, V. albo-atrum and V. longisporum, which cause wilt diseases called verticillium wilts in more than 400 eudicot plant species.

Selected species

Verticillium dahliae infecting sunflower
Verticillium conidiophores


  1. Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. p. 724. ISBN 0-85199-826-7.
  2. Zare and Gams, 2001
  3. Barbara and Clewes, 2003
  4. R. Zare & W. Gams Nova Hedwigia 71: 329-337, 2001

Further reading

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