Vanuatuan general election, 2012

Vanuatuan general election, 2012
30 October 2012 (2012-10-30)

All 52 seats to the Parliament
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Edward Natapei Sato Kilman Serge Vohor
Last election 11 4 7
Seats won 8 6 5
Seat change Decrease 3 Increase 2 Decrease 2
Popular vote 13,593 9,462 14,675
Percentage 11.29 8.01 12.19%
Swing Decrease 12.94 Increase 3.09 Decrease 1.07%

Prime Minister before election

Sato Kilman
People's Progress Party

Subsequent Prime Minister

Moana Carcasses Kalosil

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

General elections were held in Vanuatu on 30 October 2012.[1] The previous elections to the 52-member Parliament of Vanuatu were held in 2008. The largest parties in this election were the socialist Vanua'aku Party, which won 11 seats, and the social-democratic National United Party (8 seats). Thirteen other parties as well as four independents won parliamentary seats. As a result, Edward Natapei of the Vanua'aku Party was able to become the Prime Minister. Since then, both Serge Vohor of the conservative Union of Moderate Parties and Sato Kilman of the People's Progress Party have held that position, with Kilman being the incumbent Prime Minister of Vanuatu at the time of the 2012 election.

Electoral system

The 52 members of Parliament will be elected in 17 multi-member constituencies, using the single non-transferable vote.[2]

Candidates had to be at least 25 years old, and could not have an undischarged prison sentence or bankruptcy.[3] They also required the support of at least five registered voters in their constituency, and had to put down a non-refundable 50,000 vatu deposit.[3] The President, judges, magistrates, civil servants, police officers, teachers and members of the National Council of Chiefs were all ineligible for election to Parliament.[3]


346 candidates from 32 political parties contested the 52 seats.[4]

There were 344 polling stations throughout the country, including 12 in the capital city, Port Vila.[5] Over 192,000 citizens were eligible to vote in the 2012 election, with 34,998 registered voters in the capital city.[5]

The election was being observed by representatives from Australia, China, the European Union and the United States, as well as the High Commissioner of New Zealand to Vanuatu, Bill Dobie.[6] The international observers will submit a report on the election to the Vanuatuan government once the election is completed.[6]


Voters at a polling station on election day.
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Union of Moderate Parties14,67512.195–2
Vanua'aku Party13,59311.298–3
People's Progress Party9,6428.016+2
National United Party7,4566.204–4
Land and Justice Party7,2416.024New
Namangi Aute6,9215.753New
Iauko Group4,4253.683New
Green Confederation4,2193.513+1
Vanuatu Republican Party3,6273.011New
Melanesian Progressive Party3,3792.812+1
Vanuatu Liberal Democratic Party2,9822.481New
Vanuatu Presidential Party2,8882.400New
Vanuatu Democratic Party2,1101.7500
Vanuatu National Party1,9551.6210
Natatok Indigenous People's Democratic Party1,9151.592New
National Community Association1,8781.5600
Vanuatu Labour Party1,1820.980–1
Fren Melanesian Party1,0690.890New
People's Services Party9320.771New
Union Liberation Front7580.630New
Vanuatu Progressive Republican Party6710.560New
People's Action Party6530.540–1
Vanuatu Progressive Development Party6340.51New
Vemarana 15 Islands Culture5610.470New
Vanuatu Reform Democratic Party5250.440New
Movement Blong ol Chief4500.370New
Tanna United Front3870.320New
Independent Movement2520.210New
Vanuatu Liberal Party1860.150New
Vanuatu Family First Party1440.120–1
Kristian Democratic Party970.080New
Universal Ethnic System870.070New
Vanuatu Democratic & Liberal Party550.050New
Vanuatu Freedom Party270.020New
Vanuatu Democratic and Liberal Party for Change200.020New
Invalid/blank votes1,541
Registered voters/turnout184,46366.08
Source: Adam Carr

Subsequent by-elections


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