Lugaži Lutheran Church in Valka.


Coat of arms
Motto: 1 pilsēta, 2 valstis (1 city, 2 countries)

Location in Latvia

Coordinates: 57°46′N 26°0′E / 57.767°N 26.000°E / 57.767; 26.000Coordinates: 57°46′N 26°0′E / 57.767°N 26.000°E / 57.767; 26.000
Country  Latvia
District Valka municipality
Town rights 1584
  Mayor Vents Armands Krauklis
  Town 14.36 km2 (5.54 sq mi)
Elevation 50 m (160 ft)
  Town 5,835
  Density 381/km2 (990/sq mi)
  Metro in Valga-Valka 19,500
  Metro density 630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code LV-470(1-2)
Calling code +371 647
Number of municipality council members 15

Valka ( pronunciation ; German: Walk) is a city and municipality in northern Latvia, on the border with Estonia along both banks of the river Pedele.

Valka and the Estonian town Valga are twins, separated by the Estonian/Latvian border but using the slogan "One Town, Two Countries". The border dividing the Livonian town of Walk was marked out in 1920 by an international jury headed by British Colonel Stephen George Tallents. With the expansion of the Schengen Agreement and abolition of the Estonian/Latvian border in 2007, it was announced that common public bus transport would be established between Valka and Valga.[1] Also, all border crossing-points were removed and roads and fences opened. In 2016 it was announced that due to better welfare and higher salaries in Estonia, many Valka inhabitants have registered themselves as inhabitants of Valga.[2]


The town of Walk (in German) was first mentioned in 1286 and from 1419 was the seat of the Landtag of the Livonian Confederation. City rights were granted by the Polish king Stefan Batory in 1584. However, the town gained its importance only at the end of the 19th century when the Vidzeme teacher's seminary was operating here, and the important railway junction was developed. Furthermore, the first narrow-gauge railway line in the territory of modern Latvia was stretched from Valka to Estonian city of Pärnu.

On November 15, 1917 the decision to proclaim the independent Republic of Latvia was made in Valka. The red-white-red flag of Latvia was raised here for the first time. On July 1, 1920 the town was divided between the newly-born Latvian and Estonian states.


There is one primary school and a gymnasium in Valka. The Institute of Latvia-Estonia provides further education.

Notable people

Sister cities

Valka is twinned with seven cities:[3]

See also


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Valka.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Valka.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/26/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.