|French literary history|
Valentin Conrart (French: [valɑ̃tɛ̃ kɔ̃ʁaʁ]; 1603 – 23 September 1675) was a French author, and as a founder of the Académie française, the first occupant of seat 2.
He was born in Paris of Calvinist parents, and was educated for business. However, after his father's death in 1620, he began to move in literary circles, and soon acquired a reputation, though he wrote nothing for many years. He was made councillor and secretary to the king; and in 1629 his house became the resort of a group who met to talk over literary subjects, and to read and mutually criticize their works.
Cardinal Richelieu offered the society his protection, and in this way (1635) the Académie française was created. Its first meetings were held in Conrart's house. He was unanimously elected secretary, and discharged the duties of his post for forty-three years, till his death.
The most important of Conrart's written works is his Mémoires sur l'histoire de son temps published by Louis Monmerqué in 1825.
- R. Kerviler and Édouard de Barthélemy, Conrart, sa vie et sa correspondance (1881);
- C.B. Petitot, Mémoires relatifs à l'histoire de France, tome xlviii.;
- Sainte-Beuve, Causeries du lundi (19 juillet 1858).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.