Comune di Valentano

Rocca Farnese.

Coat of arms

Location of Valentano in Italy

Coordinates: 42°33′55″N 11°49′37″E / 42.56528°N 11.82694°E / 42.56528; 11.82694
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province / Metropolitan city Viterbo (VT)
Frazioni Villa Fontane, Felceti
  Mayor Raffaela Saraconi
  Total 43.29 km2 (16.71 sq mi)
Elevation 538 m (1,765 ft)
Population (2011.10.09)
  Total 2,897
  Density 67/km2 (170/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Valentanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 01018
Dialing code 0761
Patron saint St. John the Apostle
Saint day December 27
Website Official website
View of Valentano.

Valentano is a town and comune of the province of Viterbo, in the Lazio region of central Italy. It is 33 kilometres (21 mi) from the provincial capital, Viterbo.

Rocca Farnese in Valentano.

The placename is of uncertain origin. Some identify the town with an Etruscan Verentum, others trace the name to ontano, Italian for alder, since alders cover the slopes of a nearby valley: Valle Ontano becoming Valentano.


Antiquity and High Middle Ages

The town is named for the first time in a manuscript of 813 in the Farfa Register; starting in 844 a "Balentanu" appears in other documents of the abbey of San Salvatore on Mt. Amiata. The land was definitely inhabited in prehistoric times, and important finds in the Lake Mezzano and near Mt. Becco, Mt. Saliette, the Poggi del Mulino and Mt. Starnina seem to confirm the theories of historians, who identify the lake with the Lake of Statonia (Lacus Statoniensis) described by Seneca in his Naturales Quaestiones and by Pliny the Elder (ii.209, xiv.67 and xxxvi.168).

The Farnese

In the Renaissance period, the town fell under the dominion of the Farnese family: it is to them that Valentano owes its fortress (Rocca) and many of its churches.

In 1649, when the town of Castro, capital of the Duchy of Castro, was destroyed, Valentano became the natural center of the Castrense region and the custodian of its archives.

Modern times

In June 1944, an artillery shell exploded in the "Portonaccio" gate, killing seven civilians who had taken shelter in it. The gate itself is a witness to the tragedy, since one of its stones is missing, but in 2004 a plaque was placed in the Via Trento e Trieste to commemorate all local victims of World War II.

Main sights

Natives of Valentano

Celebrations and festivals

Twin towns

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