The municipality was created by a split from Nore on 1 January 1901. The new municipality, which was called Opdal at the time, had a population of 1,429. The name was changed to Uvdal on 22 January 1932 by royal resolution. In 1937 a part of Uvdal with 220 inhabitants was moved to Hol municipality. On 1 January 1962 Uvdal was reunited with Nore to form the new municipality Nore og Uvdal. Prior to the merger Uvdal had 1,213 inhabitants.
Dag Jukvam / Statistics Norway (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF).