United States Department of Transportation

"USDOT" redirects here. For U.S. Treasury Department, see United States Department of the Treasury.

Seal of the United States Department of Transportation

Flag of the United States Department of Transportation

Headquarters of the U.S. Department of Transportation
Department overview
Formed April 1, 1967 (1967-04-01)
Jurisdiction United States of America
Headquarters 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, D.C.
38°52′32.92″N 77°0′10.26″W / 38.8758111°N 77.0028500°W / 38.8758111; -77.0028500Coordinates: 38°52′32.92″N 77°0′10.26″W / 38.8758111°N 77.0028500°W / 38.8758111; -77.0028500
Employees 58,622
Annual budget $77.2 billion USD (FY2014)[1]
Department executives
Child agencies
Website www.dot.gov
The seal of the U.S. Department of Transportation prior to 1980.
The flag of the U.S. Department of Transportation prior to 1980.

The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT or DOT) is a federal Cabinet department of the U.S. government concerned with transportation. It was established by an act of Congress on October 15, 1966, and began operation on April 1, 1967. It is governed by the United States Secretary of Transportation.

Its mission is to "Serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible, and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future."


Prior to the Department of Transportation, the Under Secretary of Commerce for Transportation administered the functions now associated with the DOT. In 1965, Najeeb Halaby, administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), suggested to President Lyndon B. Johnson that transportation be elevated to a cabinet-level post, and that the FAA be folded into the DOT.[2]


Former Agencies


In 2010, the DOT awarded $742.5 million in funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to 11 transit projects. The awardees include light rail projects. Other projects include both a commuter rail extension and a subway project in New York City, and a bus rapid transit system in Springfield, Oregon. The funds subsidize a heavy rail project in northern Virginia, completing the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority's Metro Silver Line to connect Washington, D.C., and the Washington Dulles International Airport.[4] (DOT had previously agreed to subsidize the Silver Line construction to Reston, Virginia.)[5]

President Barack Obama's budget request for fiscal year 2010 also included $1.83 billion in funding for major transit projects, of which more than $600 million went towards 10 new or expanding transit projects. The budget provided additional funding for all of the projects currently receiving Recovery Act funding, except for the bus rapid transit project. It also continued funding for another 18 transit projects that are either currently under construction or soon will be.[4]

Following the same the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014 delegates $600 million for Infrastructure Investments, referred to as Discretionary Grants.

The Department of Transportation was authorized a budget for Fiscal Year 2014 of $77.2 billion. The budget authorization is broken down as follows:[1]

Program Funding (in billions)
Management and Finance
Office of the Secretary $0.9
Office of the Inspector General $0.1
Surface Transportation Board $0
Operating Divisions
Federal Aviation Administration $15.6
Federal Highway Administration $41.0
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration $0.6
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration $0.8
Federal Transit Administration $10.9
Federal Railroad Administration $6.6
Pipelines and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration $0.3
Maritime Administration $0.4
Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation $0
TOTAL $77.2

Freedom of Information Act processing performance

In the latest Center for Effective Government analysis of 15 federal agencies which receive the most Freedom of Information Act FOIA requests, published in 2015 (using 2012 and 2013 data, the most recent years available), the Department of Transportation earned a D by scoring 65 out of a possible 100 points, i.e. did not earn a satisfactory overall grade.[6]

See also

Notes and references

  1. 1 2 2014 Department of Transportation Budget Request, pg 54, United States Department of Transportation, Accessed 2014-07-15
  2. "US Department of Transportation, History". National Transportation Library. March 1, 2009.
  3. "Profile Showing the Grades upon the Different Routes Surveyed for the Union Pacific Rail Road Between the Missouri River and the Valley of the Platte River". World Digital Library. 1865. Retrieved 2013-07-16.
  4. 1 2 "DOT Awards $742.5 Million in Recovery Act Funds to 11 Transit Projects". EERE Network News. May 13, 2009. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
  5. "Annual Report on Funding Recommendations – Fiscal Year 2010" (PDF). U.S. Department of Transportation. 29 April 2009. pp. A–75 (101) & seq. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
  6. Making the Grade: Access to Information Scorecard 2015 March 2015, 80 pages, Center for Effective Government, retrieved 21 March 2016
Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States Department of Transportation.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 12/5/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.