United States Ambassador to the United Nations

Ambassador of the United States to the United Nations

Seal of the United States Department of State
Samantha Power

since August 2, 2013
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Edward Stettinius, Jr.
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation December 21, 1945 (1945-12-21)
Website U.S. Mission – UN

The United States Ambassador to the United Nations is the leader of the U.S. delegation, the U.S. Mission to the United Nations. The position is more formally known as the "Permanent Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, with the rank and status of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, and Representative of the United States of America in the Security Council of the United Nations"; it is also known as the U.S. Permanent Representative, or "Perm Rep", to the United Nations.

The U.S. Permanent Representative, currently Samantha Power, is charged with representing the United States on the U.N. Security Council and during almost all plenary meetings of the General Assembly, except in the rare situation in which a more senior officer of the United States (such as the U.S. Secretary of State or the President of the United States) is present. Like all United States ambassadors, he or she must be nominated by the U.S. President and confirmed by the Senate.

Many prominent U.S. politicians and diplomats have held the post, including Adlai Stevenson II, George H. W. Bush and Madeleine Albright.

Nikki Haley has been nominated for this position by President-elect Donald Trump and will start on January 20, 2017 pending confirmation by the Senate.[1]

Cabinet status

Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., a leading moderate Republican who lost his seat in the United States Senate to John F. Kennedy in the 1952 elections, was appointed ambassador to the United Nations in 1953 by Dwight D. Eisenhower in gratitude for the defeated senator's role in the new president's defeat of conservative leader Robert A. Taft for the 1952 Republican nomination and subsequent service as his campaign manager in the general election; Eisenhower raised the ambassadorship to cabinet rank in order to give Lodge direct access to him without having to go through the State Department.[2]

The ambassadorship continued to hold this status through the Ford, Carter, and Reagan administrations but was removed from cabinet rank by George H. W. Bush, who had previously held the position himself. It was restored under the Clinton administration. It was not a cabinet-level position under the George W. Bush administration (from 2001 to 2009),[3][4] but was once again elevated under the Obama administration. Former UN Ambassador John R. Bolton has publicly opposed the granting of cabinet-level status to the office, stating "One, it overstates the role and importance the U.N. should have in U.S. foreign policy, second, you shouldn't have two secretaries in the same department".

List of Ambassadors

The following is a chronological list of those who have held the office:

# Image US Ambassador to UN Years served U.N. Secretary-General U.S. President
1 Edward Stettinius, Jr. 1945–1946 Gladwyn Jebb (acting) Harry S. Truman
Trygve Lie
Herschel V. Johnson
2 Warren Austin January 14, 1947-January 22, 1953
Dag Hammarskjöld
3 Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. January 12, 1953 – September 2, 1960 Dwight D. Eisenhower
4 James Jeremiah Wadsworth September 8, 1960 – January 21, 1961
5 Adlai Stevenson January, 1961 — July 14, 1965 John F. Kennedy
U Thant
Lyndon B. Johnson
6 Arthur Goldberg 1965–1968
7 George W. Ball June 26, 1968 – September 25, 1968
8 James Russell Wiggins October 7, 1968 – January 20, 1969
9 Charles Woodruff Yost 1969–1971 Richard Nixon
10 George H. W. Bush March 1, 1971 – January 18, 1973
Kurt Waldheim
11 John A. Scali February 20, 1973 – June 29, 1975
Gerald Ford
12 Daniel Patrick Moynihan June 30, 1975 – February 2, 1976
13 William Scranton March 15, 1976 – January 19, 1977
14 Andrew Young January 30, 1977 – September 23, 1979 Jimmy Carter
15 Donald McHenry September 23, 1979 – January 20, 1981
16 Jeane Kirkpatrick February 4, 1981 – April 1, 1985 Ronald Reagan
Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
17 Vernon A. Walters 1985–1989
18 Thomas R. Pickering 1989–1992 George H. W. Bush
Boutros Boutros-Ghali
19 Edward J. Perkins May 12, 1992 – January 27, 1993
Bill Clinton
20 Madeleine Albright January 27, 1993 – January 21, 1997
Kofi Annan
21 Bill Richardson February 13, 1997 – August 18, 1998
Peter Burleigh
August 18, 1998 – August 25, 1999
22 Richard Holbrooke August 25, 1999 – January 20, 2001
James B. Cunningham
January 20, 2001 – September 15, 2001 George W. Bush
23 John Negroponte September 15, 2001 – July 1, 2004
24 John Danforth July 1, 2004 – January 20, 2005
Anne W. Patterson
January 20 – August 1, 2005
25 John R. Bolton
Recess Appointment
Never Confirmed by the U.S. Senate
August 1, 2005 – December 9, 2006
Alejandro Daniel Wolff
December 9, 2006 – April 17, 2007
Ban Ki-moon
26 Zalmay Khalilzad April 17, 2007 – January 22, 2009
27 Susan Rice January 22, 2009 – July 1, 2013 Barack Obama
Rosemary DiCarlo
July 1 – August 1, 2013
28 Samantha Power August 2, 2013 – January 20, 2017
António Guterres
(as of January 1, 2017)
29 Nikki Haley
(pending Senate confirmation)
TBD (2017) Donald Trump

See also


  1. "Trump chooses women for Cabinet: Haley for UN, DeVos for Ed". The Big Story. Retrieved 2016-11-23.
  2. Hubbard, James P. (2011). The United States and the End of British Colonial Rule in Africa, 1941-1968. Jefferson City, NC: McFarland & Company. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-7864-5952-0.
  3. Kelemen, Michele (December 1, 2008). "U.N. Envoy Nominee Rice Known As Smart, Tough". National Public Radio. Retrieved January 21, 2009. The head of the United Nations Foundation, a Washington-based advocacy group, released a statement praising Rice as well as Obama's decision to make the post of U.N. ambassador a Cabinet-level position once again—as it was during the Clinton years.
  4. Cooper, Helene (November 20, 2008). "Clinton Decision Holding Up Other Obama Choices". New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2009. Ms. Rice could get the post of United States ambassador to the United Nations, a cabinet-level position under President Clinton. President Bush downgraded the position when he came into office

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/29/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.