Umar Din

Umar Din
عمر الدين
Sultan of the Sultanate of Adal
Reign 1526–1553
Dynasty Walashma dynasty
Religion Islam

Umar Din (Arabic: عمر الدين) (r. 1526–1553) was a Sultan of the Sultanate of Adal. He was the brother of Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi.


Umar Din was made Sultan by his brother, Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi after he killed Abu Bakr in 1526, and ruled at least until the Imam was killed in battle in 1542. Although Trimingham describes the Sultan as the Imam's puppet,[1] the Futuh al-Habasa of Sihab ad-Din records that the Sultan and the Imam quarrelled over the distribution of the alms tax at some point between the Battle of Shimbra Kure and the Battle of Amba Sel, which led to Imam Ahmad leaving Harar to live amongst the Somalis in Zarba for some time. This suggests Umar Din wielded some power of his own.[2]

See also


  1. J. Spencer Trimingham, Islam in Ethiopia (Oxford: Geoffrey Cumberlege for the University Press, 1952), p. 86.
  2. Sihab ad-Din Ahmad bin 'Abd al-Qader, Futuh al-Habasa: The conquest of Ethiopia, translated by Paul Lester Stenhouse with annotations by Richard Pankhurst (Hollywood: Tsehai, 2003), pp. 101-105
Preceded by
Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad
Walashma dynasty Succeeded by
Ali ibn Umar Din
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