Ulysses Guimarães

Ulysses Guimarães
President of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
February 1985  February 1989
Preceded by Flávio Portela Marcílio
Succeeded by Paes de Andrade
In office
February 1956  11 March 1958
Preceded by Flores da Cunha
Succeeded by Ranieri Mazzilli
Minister of Development, Industry
and Trade
In office
8 September 1961  18 September 1962
Prime Minister Tancredo Neves
Brochado da Rocha
Preceded by Artur Bernardes Filho
Succeeded by Dias Carneiro
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
1 February 1951  12 October 1992
Constituency São Paulo
Member of a State Assembly
In office
1 February 1948  1 February 1951
Constituency São Paulo
Personal details
Born Ulysses Silveira Guimarães
(1916-10-06)October 6, 1916
Itirapina, São Paulo, Brazil
Died October 12, 1992(1992-10-12) (aged 76)
Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Nationality Brazilian
Political party PSD (1947–1965)
MDB (1965–1979)
PMDB (1979–1992)
Spouse(s) Ida de Almeida Guimarães
Alma mater University of São Paulo
Occupation Lawyer

Ulysses Silveira Guimarães (Portuguese pronunciation: [uˈɫisisːiwˈvejɾɐ ɡimɐˈɾɐ̃js] October 6, 1916 – October 12, 1992) was a Brazilian politician and lawyer who played an important role in opposing the military dictatorship in Brazil and in the fight to restore democracy in the country. He died in a helicopter accident by the shore near Angra dos Reis, in the south of Rio de Janeiro state.[1]


Childhood and youth

Ulysses Silveira Guimarães was born in the village of Itaqueri da Serra, today a district of Itirapina, which was then part of Rio Claro, São Paulo State. He had an active academic life, participating in the Centro Acadêmico XI de Agosto (August XI Academic Center) and exercising vice president of the União Nacional dos Estudantes. Guimarães has graduated in Law and Social Sciences, at the School of Law of University of São Paulo (USP).

Professional life

He was a teacher for several years at the Mackenzie University School of Law, where he eventually became Professor of Public International Law. He taught Municipal Law at the Law Faculty of Itu, and Constitutional Law at the Law School of Bauru. He specialized in Tax Law. Ulysses Guimarães worked at Santos Futebol Clube, starting on January 10, 1941.[2] In 1942, he was appointed chief executive of the club's offices in São Paulo, a position he took back in 1945. In 1944, he was elected vice president of the club.

He was elected state deputy for São Paulo, for Constituent Assembly of 1947, by the Social Democratic Party (PSD). Since then, Guimarães was elected for the role of federal deputy for the State for eleven consecutive terms from 1951 to 1995 (not having finished the last term).

Guimarães held the Ministry of Industry and Trade at the office of Tancredo Neves, during the short parliamentary experience in Brazil (1961-1962). He supported initially the military movement that in 1964 overthrew President João Goulart, but soon moved to the opposition. With the introduction of bipartisanship (1965), he joined the Brazilian Democratic Movement, of which he would be vice president and then president. He was president of the Latin American Parliament from 1967 to 1970.

Struggle for political opening

In 1973, he launched his symbolic "anticandidacy" to the presidency as a form of repudiation of military regime, having as vice the journalist and former governor of Pernambuco, Barbosa Lima Sobrinho. On November 29, 1976, at the Plenary Tiradentes of the Legislative Assembly of São Paulo, he founded OPB - Order of Parliamentarians of Brazil, an class association without partisan, religious or social ties, of which he is patron. Ahead of the party, he has participated in all campaigns for a return to democracy, including the struggle for broad, general and unrestricted amnesty. With the end of bipartisanship (1979), the MDB became Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB), of which he would be national president.

Political activism

Ulysses Guimarães holding the final draft of the 1988 Constitution.

Together with Tancredo Neves, Orestes Quércia and Franco Montoro, Guimarães led new campaigns by democratization such as direct elections, popularly known by the slogan: Diretas Já. Ulysses Guimarães was almost the candidate for president of the Republic in 1985 by PMDB, when elections were held in the electoral college. The political articulations of the era ultimately led to the election of a "mixed" ticket with Tancredo Neves as PMDB presidential candidate and José Sarney, ex-PDS/Frente Liberal, as running mate.

Guimarães was president of the Chamber of Deputies in three periods (1956-1957, 1985-1986 and 1987-1988), chairing the National Constituent Assembly in 1987-1988. The new constitution, in which he was instrumental, was promulgated on October 5, 1988, and was by him called Citizen Constitution, by the social advances that incorporated in the text. Due to his great popularity, he ran for president for PMDB in the 1989 direct elections, won by Fernando Collor.


He died in a helicopter crash off the coast of Angra dos Reis, in Rio de Janeiro on October 12, 1992, with his wife D. Mora, former Senator Severo Gomes, his wife and the pilot. The body of Guimarães has never been found.

Written Works


This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 12/2/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.