USS Saranac (1848)
Saranac in port in the 1870s
|Builder:||Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine|
|Launched:||14 November 1848|
|Commissioned:||12 October 1850|
|Out of service:||18 June 1875|
|Fate:||Wrecked, 18 June 1875|
|Length:||215 ft 6 in (65.68 m)|
|Beam:||37 ft 9 in (11.51 m)|
|Draft:||17 ft 4 in (5.28 m) (max.)|
|Depth of hold:||26 ft 6 in (8.08 m)|
|Speed:||9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph)|
|Armament:||11 × 8 in (200 mm) guns|
USS Saranac was a sloop of war of the United States Navy. The ship laid down in 1847 during the Mexican-American War; however, by the time she completed sea trials, the war was over. She was commissioned in 1850 and saw service protecting American interests in the Atlantic Ocean as well as the Pacific Ocean. When the American Civil War broke out, Saranac patrolled America’s West Coast. Retained by the Navy post-war, she continued in service until wrecked on Vancouver Island, British Columbia in 1875.
The second ship to be so named, Saranac was laid down in 1847 by the Portsmouth Navy Yard, and was launched on 14 November 1848. The new side-wheel steam sloop of war got underway on 10 April 1850 for a trial cruise in the North Atlantic. Upon returning home, she underwent repairs and alterations before commissioning on 12 October 1850, Captain Josiah Tattnall in command.
Saranac operated along the Atlantic coast of the United States in the Home Squadron until being placed in ordinary at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 23 June 1852. Reactivated on 15 September, the ship sailed for New York City to embark the Chevalier de Sodre, the Brazilian Minister to the United States, and got underway again on 5 October to return the distinguished diplomat home. She arrived at Pará on the 26th and, after disembarking her passengers, she served on the Brazil Station until returning to Philadelphia and decommissioning on 20 July 1853.
Recommissioned on 5 November 1853, the steamer sailed for the Mediterranean where she operated until returning to Philadelphia on 26 June 1856. She was decommissioned there on 1 July for repair of her machinery and installation of new boilers.
After re-commissioning on 17 September 1857, she got underway to begin the long voyage south round Cape Horn and back up the Pacific Ocean coast of the Americas for duty along the west coast of the United States.
Civil War service
She was still performing this duty when the Civil War erupted, and she remained at the task of protecting American commerce along the coast of California throughout the war. After the Confederacy had collapsed, Saranac cruised at sea in search of Southern cruiser, CSS Shenandoah, which remained a menace to Union shipping until belatedly learning of the end of the war.
Saranac continued to protect American commerce and interests until ending her longest period in commission on 25 January 1869. Recommissioned on 27 January 1870, the veteran ship resumed operations along the west coast. She operated in that region until she was wrecked at 8.40 am on 18 June 1875 on the submerged Ripple Rock in Seymour Narrows off Campbell River, British Columbia, while on a mission to collect natural curiosities for the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. Her bow was immediately run into the Vancouver Island shore and made fast with a hawser to a tree, but within an hour she had sunk completely from sight. Lieutenant Commander Sanders, with the pilot and thirteen men, made their way on foot to Victoria.
- Pictures of the USS Saranac
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- List of sloops of war of the United States Navy
- Bibliography of early American naval history
- Glossary of nautical terms
- Confederate States Navy
- Union Navy