Tyler, Texas

Not to be confused with Tyler County, Texas.
Tyler, Texas

Clockwise: Tyler skyline with Plaza Tower at right and People's National Bank office building in center, Cotton Belt Depot, Caldwell Zoo, Chamblee Rose Garden, Smith County Courthouse, Goodman Home.

Nickname(s): Rose Capital, Rose Capital of the World
Motto: A Natural Beauty

Location in Smith County and the state of Texas
Coordinates: 32°21′N 95°18′W / 32.350°N 95.300°W / 32.350; -95.300Coordinates: 32°21′N 95°18′W / 32.350°N 95.300°W / 32.350; -95.300
Country United States
State Texas
County Smith
Founded 1846
  Type Council-Manager
  City Council Mayor Martin Heines
Darryl Bowdre
Don Warren
Same Mezayek
Ed Moore
John Nix
Mark Whatley
  City Manager Edward Broussard
  City 54.376 sq mi (140.833 km2)
  Land 54.2 sq mi (140.5 km2)
  Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 544 ft (165 m)
Population (2010)[1]
  City 96,900
  Estimate (2015)[2] 103,700
  Rank US: 292nd
  Density 1,782.0/sq mi (688.0/km2)
  Urban 130,247 (US: 247th)
  Metro 216,080 (US: 200th)
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 757XX
Area code(s) 430/903
FIPS code 48-74144[3]
GNIS feature ID 1348998[4]
Website www.cityoftyler.org

Tyler is a city in and the county seat of Smith County, Texas, United States.[5] This city had a population of 96,900 in 2010, according to the United States Census Bureau. Tyler's 2014 estimated population is 107,405.[6] It is 100 miles (160 km) east-southeast of Dallas. Tyler is the principal city of the Tyler Metropolitan Statistical Area, with a population of 209,714 in 2010, and the regional center of the Tyler-Jacksonville combined statistical area, with a population of 260,559 in 2010.

Tyler has the nickname "Rose Capital of the World". It gained this name due to the large quantity of roses processed through the area, along with hosting America's largest rose garden. [7]

In 1985, the international Adopt-a-Highway movement originated in Tyler when, after appeals by local Texas Department of Transportation officials, the local Civitan chapter adopted a two-mile (3-km) stretch of U.S. Highway 69. Tyler is also home to the Caldwell Zoo and Broadway Square Mall.

As a regional educational and technology center, Tyler is the host for more than 20,000 higher education students, a College of Engineering, and a University Health Science Center, two regional, billion-dollar hospital systems, and a variety of technology startups.


Tyler skyline

Tyler is located at 32°20′03″N 95°18′00″W / 32.334249°N 95.299927°W / 32.334249; -95.299927[8] at 544 feet (166 m) above sea level. Tyler is surrounded by many smaller cities, including Whitehouse, Lindale, New Chapel Hill, Bullard, Edom, Brownsboro, and Chandler.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 54.4 square miles (140.8 km2), of which, 54.2 mi2 (140.5 km2) of it is land and 0.1 mi2(0.3 km2²) of it is covered by water.


Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Weather.com / NWS

Tyler experiences weather typical of East Texas, which is unpredictable, especially in the spring. All of East Texas has the humid subtropical climate typical of the American South.

The record high for Tyler is 115 °F (46 °C), which occurred in 2011. The record low for Tyler is −3 °F (−19 °C), which occurred on January 18, 1930.


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 2015103,700[9]7.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2015 Estimate[2]
Tyler welcome sign on U.S. Highway 69
Tyler City Hall

As of the 2010 census,[3] 96,900 people resided in the city of Tyler, Texas. The population density was 1,782.0 people per square mile (688.0/km²). The 41,742 housing units averaged a density of 716.7 per mi2(276.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was: 60.5% White, 24.8% Black, 0.5% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 10.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. About 21.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The median income for the city was $42,752 and the poverty rate was 19.5%.


Local government

According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $87.7 million in revenues, $101.7 million in expenditures, $49.2 million in total assets, $12.3 million in total liabilities, and $17.6 million in cash in investments.[11]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[12]

City Manager Edward Broussard
Managing Director of Development and Social Services Heather Nick
Managing Director of Culture, Recreation and Tourism Services Stephanie Franklin
Managing Director for Administration (& HR Director) ReNissa Wade
Interim Managing Director for Utilities/Public Works Gordon Mayer
CFO/Finance Director Keidric Trimble
Development Manager Greg Morgan
City Engineer Carter Delleney, P.E.
Fire Chief Vacant
Director of Solid Waste Russ Jackson
Chief Information Officer Benny Yazdanpanahi
City Attorney Deborah Pullum
Interim Communications Manager Julie Goodgame
Vehicle Services Manager Leroy Sparrow
City Librarian Mary Vernau
Internal Auditor Vacant
Neighborhood Services Manager Larry Everett
Housing Manager Candace Porter
Airport Manager Davis Dickson
Human Recources Manager Rose Ray
Water Utilities Financial Manager James Yanker
Water Utilities Manager Joan Roberson
Development Services Engineer Michael Wilson, P.E.
Traffic Engineer Peter Eng, P.E.

The Northeast Texas Public Health District[13] is a political subdivision under the State of Texas established by the City of Tyler and Smith County. In place for nearly 70 years, the Health District became a separate entity in 1994, with an administrative Public Health Board. With a stated vision "To be the Healthiest Community in Texas", the district has a full-time staff of over 130 employees. The Health District has a broad range of services and responsibilities dedicated to their mission: "To Protect, Promote, and Provide for the Health of Our Community."

State government

Tyler is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Kevin Eltife, District 1, and in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Matt Schaefer, District 6.

The Texas Twelfth Court of Appeals is located in Tyler.[14]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Region I Parole Division Office and the Tyler District Parole Office in Tyler.[15]

Federal government

The two U.S. Senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz; Tyler is part of Texas' US Congressional 1st District, which is currently represented by Republican Louie Gohmert.

The United States Postal Service operates several post offices in Tyler, including Tyler,[16] Azalea,[17] Southeast Crossing,[18] and the South Tyler Annex.[19]


Colleges and universities

The Riter Tower at University of Texas at Tyler

Tyler's higher education institutions include the University of Texas at Tyler and the University of Texas Health Center at Tyler, both part of the University of Texas System, as well as Tyler Junior College and Texas College.

Primary and secondary schools

John Tyler High School

Public primary and secondary education for much of the city is provided by the Tyler Independent School District, which includes two high schools, John Tyler and Robert E. Lee; Premier High School of Tyler, a public charter school (Cumberland Academy). Several Tyler schools offer international baccalaureate and advanced placement programs.

Portions of incorporated Tyler are served by surrounding school districts. These include sections of southeast Tyler by the Whitehouse Independent School District, and some sections in the east which are served by the Chapel Hill Independent School District.

Private schools


People's National Bank office building in downtown Tyler
Chamber of Commerce office in downtown Tyler

In addition to its role in the rose-growing industry, Tyler is the headquarters for Brookshire Grocery Company, which operates Brookshire's, Fresh and Super 1 Foods, and Ole! supermarkets in three states (Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas). The company's main distribution center is located in south Tyler, while SouthWest Foods, a subsidiary that processes dairy products, is located just northeast of the city. Adams Engineering has also made its headquarters in Tyler.

The manufacturing sector includes:

According to the City's 2012-2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top ten employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Trinity Mother Frances Health System 3,775
2 East Texas Medical Center 3,153
3 Brookshire Grocery Company 2,599
4 Tyler Independent School District 2,468
5 Trane 1,500
6 SuddenLink 1,500
7 Walmart 1,311
8 The University of Texas at Tyler 1,121
9 University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler 925
10 Tyler Junior College 862

Recreation and tourism

Annually, the Texas Rose Festival draws thousands of tourists to Tyler.[21] The festival, which celebrates the role of the rose-growing industry in the local economy, is held in October and features a parade, the coronation of the Rose Queen, and other civic events. The Rose Museum features the history of the Festival. Tyler is home to Caldwell Zoo, several local museums, Lake Palestine, Lake Tyler, and numerous golf courses and country clubs.[22] A few miles away in Flint, TX is The WaterPark @ The Villages, a year-round, indoor water park. There is also an "Azalea Trail" in Tyler, which are two officially designated routes within the city that showcase homes or other landscaped venues adorned with azalea shrubs.[23] The Azalea Trail also is home to the long standing tradition of the Azalea Belles. The official greeters of the Azalea Trail are known as the Azalea Belles, young women from the Tyler area who dress in antebellum gowns. The belles are chosen each year from area high schools or home school families, and it is an honor to be chosen. Tyler State Park, a few miles North of Town is where visitors can camp, canoe, and paddle boat on the lake. Other activities include picnicking, camping, boating (motors allowed - 5 mph speed limit), boat rentals, fishing, birding, hiking, mountain biking, hiking trails, lake swimming (in unsupervised swimming area), and nature study. The Smith County Historical Society operates a museum and archives in the old Carnegie Library.[24] The East Texas State Fair is held annually in Tyler.[25] Lake Tyler was the location of the HGTV Dream Home contest in 2005. The 6,500 square feet (600 m²) house briefly boosted tourism and interest in the community. It subsequently was sold at public auction in January, 2008, for 1.325 million dollars.[26]


The Smith County Historical Society building is located across the street from the Tyler Public Library.

Tyler has a Cotton Belt Railroad Depot Museum located near the Chamber of Commerce office.

The Smith County Historical Society, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, was founded in 1959 by individuals and business firms dedicated to discovering, collecting, and preserving data, records, and other items relating to the history of Smith County, Texas. The Society operates a museum and archives, which is located in the former Carnegie Public Library building in downtown Tyler. Permanent museum exhibits include life-size dioramas with Smith County history topics ranging from Caddo Indians to the 20th century. Other items from the society's collections are showcased in revolving, temporary exhibits. The society's archival library contains historical artifacts of Smith County, including newspapers, city directories, school records, photographs, maps, historical papers, rare books, and much more. The archives are open to the public for research on a limited schedule with volunteer staff on duty. The society is also the official caretaker of Camp Ford Historic Park.

Camp Ford was the largest Confederate Prisoner of War camp west of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. The original site of the camp stockade is a public historic park managed by the Smith County Historical Society. The park contains a kiosk, paved trail, interpretive signage, a cabin reconstruction, and a picnic area. It is located on Highway 271, 0.8 miles (1.3 km) north of Loop 323.


Aerial photo of Tyler Pounds Regional Airport in Tyler, Texas, shot by Butler Planning Services on 9/9/2005.

The most common form of transportation is the motor vehicle. Tyler is a nexus of several major highways. Interstate 20 runs along the north edge of the city going east and west, U.S. Highway 69 runs north-south through the center of town and State Highway 64 runs east-west through the city. Tyler also has access to U.S. Highway 271, State Highway 31, State Highway 155, and State Highway 110. Loop 323 was established in 1957 and encircles the city, which has continued to grow outside of this loop. Loop 49 is a limited access "outer loop" around the city and currently runs from State Highway 110 south of Tyler to Interstate 20 northwest of Tyler. Future segments of this tollway will extend Loop 49 out to Interstate 20 on the eastern side of the city and to other East Texas destinations.

Public transportation

Tyler Transit provides customers with public transportation service within the City of Tyler. The buses run daily, excluding Sundays and holidays. Tyler Transit offers customers the option to purchase tickets, tokens, or passes at the Tyler Transit office, located at 210 E. Oakwood Street inside the Cotton Belt Railroad Depot at the main transfer point. The City of Tyler paratransit service is a shared-ride, public transportation service. Requests for service must be made the day before the service is needed. Trips can be scheduled up to 14 days in advance. ADA complimentary paratransit service is provided to all origins and destinations within the service area defined as the city limits of Tyler.[27] Greyhound Lines bus service is available through a downtown terminal.

Via air

Tyler Pounds Regional Airport offers service to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport via American Eagle. General Aviation services are provided by two fixed-base operators, Johnson Aviation and the Jet Center of Tyler.

Via train

Tyler was the hub for a series of short-line railroads which later evolved into the St. Louis Southwestern Railway, better known as "The Cotton Belt Route". This line later became part of the Southern Pacific Railroad, which itself merged with the Union Pacific Railroad, which continues to serve the city today. No passenger train service to Tyler has occurred since April 1956, but Amtrak runs through the city of Mineola, a short distance north of Tyler.


A 2014 study by Walk Score ranked Tyler with a walkability score of 32 (out of 100) with some amenities within walking distance.[28]


Hospitals located in Tyler include East Texas Medical Center, Trinity Mother Frances Health System, University of Texas Health Center at Tyler, and Texas Spine & Joint Hospital. There are also many clinics including the Direct Care Clinic.

First Baptist Church in downtown Tyler
Marvin United Methodist Church in Tyler
Family Life Center of West Erwin Church of Christ in Tyler

Places of worship

Tyler is the home of many churches, including five large congregations in downtown, the Marvin United Methodist Church, Dayspring United Methodist Church, West Erwin Church of Christ, First Baptist Church, and the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception. Tyler is also the seat of Catholic Diocese of Tyler, which is particularly noteworthy for its St. Joseph the Worker Parish, one of the few churches in America dedicated to the exclusive use of the Traditional Latin Mass. The parish is staffed by the Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter. The city also is the home of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception and the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, a 100 plus year sanctuary recently renovated and declared a historic and heritage site by the Catholic Diocese of Tyler. The Saint Peter Claver Parish located in central Tyler, is the second largest Catholic Church in Tyler and was dedicated to St. Peter Claver, a Franciscan Priest that assisted the black slaves in Brasil during the slave trade to South America. There is also a Nazarene church on Old Bullard Rd called Tyler First Church Of The Nazarene.

Tyler has three United Pentecostal Churches the largest of them is Tyler Tabernacle located just outside of Loop 323. The Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic church in East Tyler is also a major center of gathering. The St Peter and Paul Chapel, a Catholic church, is located next to the Bishop Thomas K. Gorman Regional Catholic School was constructed and dedicated in 2011 and holds masses in English and Spanish with a significant number of other services offered to all Tyler and neighboring residents. The city's largest church, Green Acres Baptist Church, is located on Troup Highway in southeast Tyler. Tyler is also home to two reformed Baptist churches, Sylvania Church and Living Acts Church, both of which are located in the south Tyler area. Additionally, Tyler has two Jewish houses of prayer, Ahavath Achim, which associates itself with Conservative Judaism and Beth El which adheres to Reform Judaism.[29] Tyler is also home to East Texas Islamic Society, established in 1988, which includes an Islamic house of worship and an Islamic school for children.[30] There is also a Unitarian, Universalist Fellowship on Old Omen Road and Cross Brand Cowboy Church at 11915 FM-2015 Tyler, Texas.

Two Tyler churches were destroyed during the 2010 East Texas church burnings.


Currently, 18 media outlets and one newspaper are located in Tyler, as well as many more in the surrounding areas.



VHF/UHF Channel
Call Letters


AM stations

Call Letters
600 KTBB News/Talk
1330 KGLD Gospel The Light
1490 KYZS Sports ESPN Deportes

FM stations

Call Letters
88.7 KLOVE Christian Contemporary KLOVE
89.5 KVNE Christian Contemporary Encouragement FM
91.3 KGLY Religious
92.1 KRWR Sports ESPN East Texas
93.1 KTYL Hot Adult Contemporary Mix 93.1
96.1 KKTX Classic Rock Classic Rock 96.1
96.7 KOYE Spanish La Invasora
97.5 KTBB-FM News/Talk KTBB
99.3 KAPW Spanish Pop Mega 99.3
101.5 KNUE Country
102.3 KLJT Top 40 The Breeze
102.7 KBLZ Urban Contemporary The Blaze
104.1 KKUS Classic Country The Ranch
106.5 KOOI Classic Hits Sunny 106.5
107.3 KISX Urban Adult Contemporary Hot1073Jamz


UT Tyler Women's Basketball Team

College and university teams

Baseball teams


Road races

High school sports teams


Notable events

Notable people





Sister cities

See also


  1. "American FactFinder". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  2. 1 2 "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  3. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. http://www.cityoftyler.org/Departments/PlanningDepartment/CityDemographics.aspx
  7. Recreation, City of Tyler - Parks and. "City of Tyler - Parks and Recreation > Park Directory > Tyler Rose Garden". parksandrec.cityoftyler.org. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  10. United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 17, 2016.
  11. City of Tyler CAFR. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
  12. http://cityoftyler.org/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabid=76
  13. Northeast Texas Public Health District website. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
  14. "Contact Information." Twelfth Eleventh Court of Appeals. Retrieved on March 10, 2010.
  15. "Parole Division Region I." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  16. "Post Office Location - TYLER." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  17. "Post Office Location - AZALEA." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  18. "Post Office Location - SOUTHEAST CROSSING." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  19. "Post Office Location - SOUTH TYLER ANNEX." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  20. City of Tyler 2012-2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, p. 136. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
  21. Until Now Archived March 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  22. Navarro, Edward (2006). "It's Tee Time in Tyler". Images of Tyler. Journal Communications, Inc. 1: 57.
  23. "Frequently Asked Questions". Tyler Azalea Trail. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
  24. "Smith County Historical Society". Smith County Historical Society. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
  25. "East Texas State Fair". Etstatefair.com. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
  26. "HGTV Dream Home Sold, $1.325 Million". Kltv.com. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
  27. "Tyler Transit". Cityoftyler.org. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
  28. "City and Neighborhood Rankings". Walk Score. 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  29. "Tyler, Texas", found in the Encyclopedia of Southern Jewish Communities,
  30. "East Texas Islamic Society". Tylermuslims.com. 1988-05-29. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
  31. Palestine Herald Press. February 3, 2009. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  32. "An Update From Max". blogs.myspace.com/sayanything. 2009-05-20. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
  33. http://ontheflip-side.blogspot.com/2009/08/song-of-week-born-loser-murphy-and-mob.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  34. 1 2 3 4 5 "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International.

Further reading

External links

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Tyler.
Wikisource has the text of The New Student's Reference Work article about Tyler, Texas.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/26/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.