Twenty-third Dynasty of Egypt
|Dynasties of Ancient Egypt|
There is much debate surrounding this dynasty, which may have been situated at Herakleopolis Magna, Hermopolis Magna, and Thebes. Monuments from their reign show that they controlled Upper Egypt in parallel with the Twenty-second dynasty, shortly before the death of Osorkon II. In the History of Egypt, the known rulers for the Twenty-third Dynasty are as follows:
|Harsiese A||Hedjkheperre-Setpenamun||880 – 860 BC||Isetweret I||Independent king at Thebes; Ruled during Takelot I's and Osorkon II's reigns|
|Takelot II||Hedjkheperre-Setpenre||840 – 815 BC|| Karomama D |
|Contemporary with the Twenty-Second Dynasty king Shoshenq III, who controlled Lower Egypt.|
|Pedubast I||Usermaatre-Setpenamun||829 – 804 BC||Involved in a prolonged civil war with king Takelot II/Crown Prince Osorkon B.|
|Iuput I||??||829 – 804 BC||co-regent|
|Shoshenq VI||Usermaatre-Meryamun||804 – 798 BC||Succeeded Pedubast I at Thebes and ruled Upper Egypt for 6 years.|
|Osorkon III||Usermaatre-Setpenamun||798 – 769 BC|| Tentsai A |
|Involved in a civil war against Pedubast I and Shoshenq VI.|
|Takelot III||Usermaatre||774 – 759 BC|| Kakat |
|Osorkon III's eldest son, junior coregent and successor.|
|Rudamun||Usermaatre-Setpenamun||759 – 755 BC||Tadi[...]||The younger brother and successor of Takelot III. A poorly attested king.|
|Ini||Menkheperre||755 – 750 BC||Only controlled Thebes during his reign.|
|Peftjauawybast||Neferkare||754 – 720 BC|| Irbastwedjanefu |
|Rudamun's son-in-law, only controlled Herakleopolis during his reign.|
- J.P. Elias, "A Northern Member of the 'Theban' Twenty-Third Dynasty", Discussions in Egyptology 31 (1995), 57-67.
- J. Goldberg, "The 23rd Dynasty Problem Revisited: Where, When and Who?", Discussions in Egyptology 29 (1994), 55-85.
- H. Jacquet Gordon, "Deux graffiti d'époque libyenne sur le toit du Temple de Khonsu à Karnak" in Hommages à la memoire de Serge Sauneron, 1927-1976 (Cairo: 1979), pp. 169–74.
- K.A. Kitchen, The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (c.1100–650 BC), 3rd ed., Warminster: 1996.