Twenty-first government of Israel

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politics and government of

The twenty-first government of Israel was formed by Shimon Peres of the Alignment on 13 September 1984, following the July elections. With both the Alignment and Likud winning over 40 seats each, neither side could form a stand-alone coalition, resulting in a national unity government, together with the National Religious Party, Agudat Yisrael, Shas, Morasha, Shinui and Ometz, which together held 97 of the 120 seats in the Knesset. However, in protest at the alliance with Likud, Mapam broke away from the Alignment, as did Yossi Sarid, who joined Ratz.[1]

The government was replaced by the twenty-second government on 20 October 1986, when Yitzhak Shamir replaced Peres as Prime Minister in accordance with the rotation agreement between the Alignment and Likud. The rotation agreement also led to the creation of the post of Acting Prime Minister, who would take over the powers of Prime Minister if they were incapable of fulfilling their duties, as opposed to the Deputy Prime Minister, which was a symbolic role. The Minister of Police was also restored to the cabinet.

Cabinet members

Position Person Party
Prime Minister Shimon Peres Alignment
Acting Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir Likud
Deputy Prime Minister David Levy Likud
Yitzhak Navon Alignment
Minister of Agriculture Aryeh Nehemkin Alignment
Minister of Communications Amnon Rubinstein Shinui
Minister of Defense Yitzhak Rabin Alignment
Minister of Economics and Planning 1 Gad Yaacobi Alignment
Minister of Education and Culture Yitzhak Navon Alignment
Minister of Energy and Infrastructure Moshe Shahal Alignment
Minister of Finance Yitzhak Moda'i (until 16 April 1986) Likud
Moshe Nissim (from 16 April 1986) Likud
Minister of Foreign Affairs Yitzhak Shamir Likud
Minister of Health Mordechai Gur Alignment
Minister of Housing and Construction David Levy Likud
Minister of Immigrant Absorption Ya'akov Tzur Alignment
Minister of Industry and Trade Ariel Sharon Likud
Minister of Internal Affairs Shimon Peres (until 24 December 1984) Alignment
Yitzhak Peretz (from 24 December 1984) Shas
Minister of Justice Moshe Nissim (until 16 April 1986) Likud
Yitzhak Moda'i (16 April 1986 - 23 July 1986) Likud
Avraham Sharir (from 23 July 1986) Likud
Minister of Labour and Social Welfare Moshe Katsav Likud
Minister of Police Haim Bar-Lev Alignment
Minister of Religious Affairs Shimon Peres (until 23 December 1984) Alignment
Yosef Burg (23 December 1984 - 5 October 1986) National Religious Party
Zevulun Hammer (from 5 October 1986) National Religious Party
Minister of Science and Development Gideon Patt Likud
Minister of Tourism Avraham Sharir Likud
Minister of Transportation Haim Corfu Likud
Minister without Portfolio Yitzhak Peretz (until 18 December 1984) Shas
Yosef Burg (until 23 December 1984) National Religious Party
Moshe Arens Likud
Yigal Hurvitz Ometz
Yosef Shapira Not an MK
Ezer Weizman Yahad, Alignment
Deputy Minister of Agriculture Avraham Katz-Oz Alignment
Deputy Minister of Defense Michael Dekel (from 3 December 1985) Likud
Deputy Minister of Finance Adiel Amorai Alignment
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Roni Milo Likud
Deputy Minister of Health Shoshana Arbeli-Almozlino Alignment
Deputy Minister of Labour and Social Welfare Menachem Porush (until 2 December 1985) Agudat Yisrael
Rafael Pinhasi (from 2 December 1985) Shas

1 The post was initially called the Minister of Economics and Inter-Ministry Coordination, before being renamed on 16 September 1984.


  1. 1984 timeline Jewish Agency for Israel
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