Tuscan regional election, 1995

Tuscan regional election, 1995
April 23, 1995

All 50 seats to the Regional Council of Tuscany
  Majority party Minority party Third party
Leader Vannino Chiti Paolo del Debbio Luciano Ghelli
Party Democratic Party of the Left Forza Italia Communist Refoundation Party
Alliance The Olive Tree Pole of Freedoms & Pole of Good Government
Last election new alliance new alliance new party
Seats won 33 13 4
Seat change N.A. N.A. N.A.
Popular vote 1,188,995 855,287 294,128
Percentage 50.1% 36.1% 12.40%
Swing N.A. N.A. N.A.

President of Tuscany before election

Vannino Chiti
Democratic Party of the Left

President of Tuscany

Vannino Chiti
Democratic Party of the Left

The Tuscan regional election of 1995 took place on 23 April 1995.

For the first time the President of the Region was directly elected by the people, although the election was not yet binding and the President-elect could have been replaced during the term.

Electoral law

Tuscany used for the first time the national Tatarella Law to elect its Council. Forty councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists; remained seats and votes are grouped at regional level where a Hare quota is used, and then distributed to provincial party lists.

Ten councillors are elected at-large using a general ticket: parties are grouped in alliances, and the alliance which receives a plurality of votes elects all its candidates, its leader becoming the President of Lombardy. If an alliance wins more than 60% of votes, only 5 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 45; if the winning alliance receives less than 50% of votes, special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.


In the context of the profound political changes that invested Italy between 1992 and 1994, Italian Parliament changed the regional electoral law, adapting them to new majoritarian principle now in vogue in the country, trim and tend bipolar politics. The new political geography, however, did not fit properly to Tuscany where, besides a garrison of right, assumed insignificant importance the presence of Umberto Bossi's Lega Nord, which, instead of the others regions, substained the center-left candidate. Another major innovation had originated in Tuscany: Silvio Berlusconi' party, Forza Italia, had collected anti-Communist orphans of deceased traditional parties.

The central political alliances had not been followed up at Tuscany, with the Communist Refoundation Party in sharp contrast with PDS because of the contrast into the old party of PCI. PRC accused the PDS and at the same time the Lega Nord accused Forza Italia to be the trojan horse for the recycling of the old political class, had led to the arrest of the Northern League's electoral steady ascent, if not also a marked reflux into the consent of the federalist party. Soparadoxically, the Lega Nord substained Chiti.

Election on April 23 saw the success of the broad leftist coalition, grouping progressive ex-Democrats, ex-socialist, ex-communist and greens, and led to presidency Vannino Chiti that, with the majority premium, was able to give life to the first council in the history of the region that managed to last the entire legislature.

Candidates Regional lists Provincial lists Total
votes % seats Parties votes % swing seats party group
Vannino Chiti 1,188,995 50.12 10 Democratic Party of the Left 874,463 40.9 new 19 29 33
PPIPdDFdL 135,895 6.35 new 2 2
Federation of the Greens 57,666 2.70 -1.1 1 1
Labour Federation 30,204 1.41 new 1 1
Italian Republican Party 16,395 0.77 -2.7 - -
Lega Nord Toscana 15,049 0.70 -0.1 - -
Paolo del Debbio 855,287 36.05 - Forza Italia-People's Pole 409,266 19.13 new 7 7 13
National Alliance 281,298 13.15 new 5 5
Christian Democratic Centre 53,291 2.49 new 1 1
Luciano Ghelli 294,128 12.40 - Communist Refoundation Party 237,405 11.10 new 4 4 4
Vincenzo Donvito 33,856 1.43 - Pannella List 28,295 1.32 new - -
Total candidates 2,372,266 100.00 10 Total parties 2,139,227 100.00 = 40 50 50

Source: Ministry of the Interior

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