Truro, Nova Scotia



Nickname(s): Hub of Nova Scotia
Motto: Begun In Faith, Continued In Determination

Location within Nova Scotia

Coordinates: 45°21′53″N 63°16′48″W / 45.36472°N 63.28000°W / 45.36472; -63.28000Coordinates: 45°21′53″N 63°16′48″W / 45.36472°N 63.28000°W / 45.36472; -63.28000
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Municipality Colchester County
Founded 1759
Incorporated May 6, 1875
  Body Truro Town Council
  Mayor W.R. (Bill) Mills
  MLA Lenore Zann (NDP)
  MP Bill Casey (L)
  Total 37.63 km2 (14.53 sq mi)
Elevation 19 m (62 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
  Total 12,059
  Density 320/km2 (830/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Postal code span B2N
Area code(s) 902 & 782
Telephone Exchanges 902-305, 843, 890, 893, 895, 896, 897, 898, 899, 956, 957, 986
Highways Hwy 104 (TCH)
Hwy 102
Trunk 4
Route 236
Route 311
Median household income (2005) $37,056
Total private dwellings 6,262
NTS Map 011E06

Truro is a town in central Nova Scotia, Canada. Truro is the shire town of Colchester County and is located on the south side of the Salmon River floodplain, close to the river's mouth at the eastern end of Cobequid Bay.


The Mi'kmaq name for the Truro area, "Wagobagitik" meaning "end of the water's flow", was shortened by Acadian settlers to "Cobequid" who arrived in the area in the early 1700s and by 1727 had established a small village near the present downtown site of Truro known as "Vil Bois Brule" (Village in the burnt wood).[2] Many Acadians in this region left in the Acadian Exodus which preceded the Expulsion of the Acadians in 1755, the town was resettled in 1761 by Presbyterians of predominantly Ulster Scottish origin who came from Ireland via New England. It is named after the city of Truro in Cornwall, United Kingdom.

Truro, Nova Scotia's John W. (Jack) Fraser "Chief of Police" 1888 - 1953 commemorated in a tree sculpture

Originally a small farming community, the construction of the Nova Scotia Railway between Halifax, and Pictou in 1858 caused the municipality to experience a fast rate of growth which increased even more when the railway connected to central Canada in 1872 and became the Intercolonial Railway. The Intercolonial, which later became the Canadian National Railway built a large roundhouse and rail yard in Truro. Further rail links to Cape Breton and to the Annapolis Valley through the Dominion Atlantic Railway in 1905 made the town even more a transportation hub for Nova Scotia. The railway also attracted industries such as the Truro Woolen Mills in 1870 (which later became Stanfield's) and provincial institutions like the provincial Normal School (later the Nova Scotia Teachers College) and the Nova Scotia Agricultural College. The town officially incorporated in 1875. Many figures from the town's past are featured in over 40 tree sculptures which were carved in tree trunks after Truro lost most of its Elm trees to Dutch Elm Disease in the 1990s.[3] The history of the town and surrounding county is preserved at the Colchester Historical Museum (c.1900-1901), which is designated under the provincial Heritage Property Act.[4]

Infrastructure and attractions

Truro railyards at the junction of the CN & CB&CNSR lines, 2006.
Berlin Wall chunks in Truro

Truro is known as the Hub of Nova Scotia as it is located at the junction between the Canadian National Railway, running between Halifax and Montreal, and the Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway, running between Truro and Sydney. Until the 1980s, Truro also hosted a junction between the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific Railway's former Dominion Atlantic Railway line running through Windsor and down the Annapolis Valley to Yarmouth, Nova Scotia.

An important highway interchange is located just north of Truro in the rural community of Onslow where Highway 102 ends at Highway 104 - both four lane expressways. Secondary roads Trunk 2 and Trunk 4 intersect in the town. Important tertiary roads Route 236 and Route 311 end in the nearby communities of Lower Truro and Onslow respectively. Some of these roads also form part of the Glooscap Trail which is a scenic drive for tourists.

Nova Scotia Power has several transmission line corridors in or near Truro; additionally Bell Aliant, EastLink and 360networks route most of the major telephone and data communications lines in the province through the town.

Some small chunks of the Berlin Wall are located near the Agricultural Campus of Dalhousie University.[5]


Truro has two public high schools, Cobequid Educational Centre and the francophone École acadienne de Truro. Post-secondary options include a campus of the Nova Scotia Community College, and The Institute of Human Services Education, as well as the Agricultural Campus of Dalhousie University in the neighboring village of Bible Hill.


Truro has two ice hockey rinks. Truro is home to the Truro Bearcats, a Junior "A" ice hockey team who are two time MJAHL Champions. (Canadian) Football is also a popular sport in the town with all games being played on Friday night at the Truro Amateur Athletic Club (TAAC) grounds. Truro Raceway conducts harness races every Sunday. Truro is also home to a rugby club, which hosts the World Indoor Sevens Rugby Championships.

Truro enjoys a vibrant soccer scene centered about the local "CC Riders" soccer club which serves "Tier2" soccer for both genders and all ages. Outdoor soccer takes place between May and October and indoor 7-a-side and pickup games run through the winter months.

Finally, there is also curling, bowling, swimming, softball, baseball, tennis, golfing, martial arts, snowboarding, snowshoeing, basketball, volleyball, skiing and most everything else either at school and/or local club level.

Notable people

Alexander Forrester Monument by John A. Wilson (c.1923), NSCC, Truro, Nova Scotia


Truro has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification dfb) similar to the vast majority of the The Maritimes.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Truro was 35.6 °C (96 °F) on 19 August 1935 and 15 August 1944.[7][8] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −38.3 °C (−37 °F) on 22 January 1934.[9]


Historical population
Canada 2006 Census Population % of Total Population
Ethnic Origin
(Metro Area)
Canadian 44,580 41.1%
Scottish 17,670 39.6%
English 14,410 32.3%
Irish 9,890 22.2%
French 5,420 12.2%
German 3,755 8.4%
Dutch (Netherlands) 2,205 4.9%
North American Indian 2,005 4.5%

See also


  1. 2006 Community Profiles - Census Subdivision
  2. C. Bruce Fergusson, "Truro", Place-Names and Places of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Archives (1967), p. 684
  3. "Tree Sculpture Committee", Town of Truro
  4. Colchester Historical Museum. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved November 17, 2010.
  6. NS Sports Hall of Fame
  7. "August 1935". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  8. "August 1944". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  9. "January 1934". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  10. "Truro, Nova Scotia". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
  11. "Truro". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  12. "Truro NSAC". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  13. "Daily Data Report for September 2010". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  14. , Censuses 1871-1941
  15. , Census 1941-1951
  16. 1762 Census
  17. , Censuses 1871-1931
  18. , Census 1941-1951
  19. Census 1956-1961
  20. , Census 1961
  21. , Censuses 1981-2001
  22. , Census 2006
  23. , Ethnocultural Portrait from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Agglomeration
  1. Climate data was recorded at Truro from January 1873 to August 1915, at Truro NSAC from January 1910 to April 2005 and at Debert from December 2003 to present.

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