Trubchevsk (English)
Трубчевск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -

Location of Bryansk Oblast in Russia
Location of Trubchevsk in Bryansk Oblast
Coordinates: 52°34′N 33°46′E / 52.567°N 33.767°E / 52.567; 33.767Coordinates: 52°34′N 33°46′E / 52.567°N 33.767°E / 52.567; 33.767
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of November 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Bryansk Oblast[1]
Administrative district Trubchevsky District[2]
Urban Administrative Okrug Trubchevsky[2]
Administrative center of Trubchevsky District,[1] Trubchevsky Urban Administrative Okrug[2]
Municipal status (as of August 2012)
Municipal district Trubchevsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Trubchevskoye Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Trubchevsky Municipal District,[3] Trubchevskoye Urban Settlement[3]
Population (2010 Census) 15,014 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
First mentioned See text
Previous names Trubetsk
Trubchevsk on Wikimedia Commons

Trubchevsk (Russian: Трубче́вск) is a town and the administrative center of Trubchevsky District in Bryansk Oblast, Russia, located about 95 kilometers (59 mi) south of the city of Bryansk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 15,014(2010 Census);[4] 16,342(2002 Census);[6] 16,301(1989 Census).[7]


An old Severian town, Trubchevsk was first mentioned as Trubetsk in East Slavic manuscripts describing the events of 1164 and 1183, although the locally 975 is regarded as the year of its foundation. At that early period, it has been variously spelled as Trubech (Трубечь), Trubetsk (Трубецк), Trubchesk (Трубческ), or Trubezhsk (Трубежск).

The town is referred to in the great Old Russian poem, The Tale of Igor's Campaign. This poem calls for the princes of the various Slavic lands to join forces in resisting the invasions of the nomadic Cuman people. The poem also glorified the courage of the army of Vsevolod Svyatoslavich, the ruler of Kursk and Trubchevsk.

The Millennium Monument in Trubchevsk, representing Boyan playing a gusli

Originally a minor center of Severia, Trubchevsk had its own princes sporadically throughout the Middle Ages, in 1164–1196, 1202–1211, 1212–1240, 1378–1399, and finally in 1462–1503. The last dynasty eventually settled in Moscow, where they became known as Princes Trubetskoy. Between 1609 and 1644, the town belonged to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and its name was spelled as Trubczewsk.

During World War II, Trubchevsk was occupied by the German Army from October 9, 1941 to September 18, 1943. Prior to the war, about 137 Jews lived in Trubchevsk. Most of the Jews were craftsmen, including cobblers and carpenters. The town was occupied by German forces in early October 1941. By that time, more than half of the Jews fled or evacuated. The Jews from the Trubchevsk district were gathered in a Klub for 3 days and shot afterwards at the edge of the village. Their bodies were burnt. In total, according to the Soviet archives, 751 Soviet citizens perished due to bad treatment or as a result of shooting in the entire Trubchevsk district. Aside from Jews, mentally ill children and adults were exterminated as well. [8]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Trubchevsk serves as the administrative center of Trubchevsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Trubchevsky District as Trubchevsky Urban Administrative Okrug.[2] As a municipal division, Trubchevsky Urban Administrative Okrug is incorporated within Trubchevsky Municipal District as Trubchevskoye Urban Settlement.[3]


There are very few notable buildings in the town. The main landmark is the 19th-century century Trinity Cathedral, which incorporates some parts from its 16th-century predecessor.



  1. 1 2 3 4 Law #13-Z
  2. 1 2 3 4 Law #69-Z
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #3-Z
  4. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  5. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.


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