Treaty of Rio de Janeiro (1825)
Kingdom of Portugal|
Empire of Brazil
The Treaty of Rio de Janeiro is the treaty between the Kingdom of Portugal and the Empire of Brazil, signed August 29, 1825, which recognized Brazil as an independent nation, formally ending Brazil’s war of independence.
The treaty was ratifyed by the Emperor of Brazil on August 24, 1825, and by the King of Portugal on November 15, 1825, and on that same date the two instruments of ratification were exchanged between Brazilian and Portuguese diplomats in Lisbon.
The Treaty entered into force on November 15, 1825, upon the exchange of the ratification documents. It was proclaimed in Portugal on that same date, and was proclaimed in Brazil on April 10, 1826.
John VI remained King of Portugal and the Algarves until his death in 1826. He also became titular Emperor of Brazil, though that title was purely honorific, and his son Emperor Pedro I of Brazil remained, both de facto and de jure the sole monarch of Brazil.