Trịnh Cối

Trịnh Cối

Portrait painting of duke Trịnh Cối.
Reign 1570 - 1572
Predecessor Trịnh Kiểm
Successor Trịnh Tùng
Born ?
Sáo Sơn village, Vĩnh Hùng commune, Vĩnh Lộc district, Thanh Hoa town, Annam
Died 1584
Đông Kinh, Annam
Spouse Lại Thị Ngọc Nho
Full name
Trịnh Cối (鄭檜)
Posthumous name
Archduke Trung Lương (忠國公)
Temple name
Mẫn Tổ (愍祖)
House Trịnh clan
Father Trịnh Kiểm
Mother Lại Thị Ngọc Vi

Trịnh Cối (Chinese: 鄭檜, ? - 1584) was the de facto ruler of Southern dynasty in only 1570 and un-de facto during 1570 - 1572.


Trịnh Cối was born in 1584 at Sáo Sơn village, Vĩnh Hùng commune, Vĩnh Lộc district, Thanh Hoa town (now Thanh Hóa province). He was the eldest son of duke Trịnh Kiểm and had a title Marquis Tuấn Đức (俊德侯).

February 1570, Trịnh Kiểm has died, so emperor Lê Anh Tông gave Trịnh Cối the authority with new title Duke Đạt Nghĩa (義達公). However, some officials and generals didn't comply with Trịnh Cối, so they supported his younger brother Trịnh Tùng. April 1570, officials Lê Cập Đệ, Trịnh Vĩnh Thiệu, Trịnh Bách, Phan Công Tích with their inferiors went to Trịnh Tùng's house and advice him to proceed a coup d'état. At first Trịnh Tùng pretened refusing for the surveying, then he agreed completely.[1]

After when Northern dynasty hearded of the news about a confusion in Thanh Hoa, emperor Mạc Mục Tông has assigned prince Mạc Kính Điển in the lead 100,000 soldiers with 700 warships to attack Southern dynasty. August 1570, all of Thanh Hoa produced a stir.

Mạc forces came on waterfronts Linh Tràng, Chi Long, Hội Triều and occupied Bút Cương village easily'n quickly. Northern dynasty garrisoned in Hà Trung, both parties faced about 10 miles. So Trịnh Cối had stucked between Mạc forces and Trịnh Tùng, he was reluctant to surrender Mạc Kính Điển.

Mmediately Mạc forces cancelled marching orders, so Trịnh Cối directed his mother, wives, children and inferiors about 1,000 persons to follow marshal Mạc Kính Điển in the backing Đông Kinh. Emperor Mạc Mục Tông has conferred him a title Marquis Trung Lương (中良侯) and his some inferiors titles "duke". All of them had been banished in the capital.

September 1584, Trịnh Cối has died. Mạc dynasty declared about the provisional truce, then consigned Southern dynasty Trịnh Cối's bones for the entombing.

A surrender made Trịnh Cối to be slighted by Lê dynasty's records, Trịnh clan annals hasn't even recognize him as the leader of Southern dynasty. He was only recognized by Nguyễn dynasty's records. However, contemporary lord Trịnh Tráng (son of lord Trịnh Tùng) still conferred a posthumous title Archduke Trung Lương (忠國公).[2]

See also


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